Gravity Seed Cleaner

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gravity Seed Cleaner

 

a machine that separates seeds from mixtures of other materials with shapes and surfaces unlike those of seeds.

The gravity seed cleaner is equipped with an inclined work surface. The smooth round particles of a seed mixture roll straight down the incline, whereas all rough particles are retained and redirected toward a waste area. Gravity seed cleaners feature different types of moving (belt, roller, drum) or stationary working surfaces. The working surface of a belt-type gravity seed cleaner is an endless belt made of fabric or rubber drawn tight across two rollers. A roller-type gravity seed cleaner consists of two revolving cylinders located one above the other, each covered with napped fabric. A drum-type gravity seed cleaner is equipped with inclined revolving wooden plates. The nonmoving working surfaces of a gravity seed cleaner are inclined wooden panels. Gravity seed cleaners are used to clean fine fragments of stalks and clumps of earth from beet seeds; cornflowers, rye grass, and maple peas from flax; and wild oats from oats. A gravity seed cleaner’s productivity ranges from 100 to 120 kg of seed per hour.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.