Great Moguls

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Great Moguls

 

a dynasty of rulers in India (1526-1858). Its founder, Babur Timirud, came from Mongolistan (at that time, the name for Middle and Central Asia). This is the source of the dynasty’s name, “Mogul” (Hindi, Mughal). Rulers of this dynasty were called “Great Moguls” by 17th-century European travelers.

The Great Moguls’ state, which had its period of greatest flowering under Shah Jahan, was a centralized feudal monarchy. In the 17th century it included all of India (with the exception of the extreme southern part) and Kabul. However, even at that time, despite the superficial brilliance and power of the Mogul state, a growing internal crisis led to internecine war and the fall of the state soon after Aurungzeb’s death in 1707. The Great Moguls’ influence declined, and the amount of land they controlled was drastically reduced. By the mid-18th century the Great Moguls were de facto rulers of Delhi and the surrounding area. By the end of the 18th century, they had become puppets in the struggle among the most powerful feudal lords of northern India. European colonialists took advantage of this situation, and in 1803 the British East India Company seized Delhi.

The Great Moguls continued to be considered the formal rulers of India until 1858, when the British colonial government abolished the dynasty. The members of the Great Mogul dynasty were Babur (ruled 1526-30), Humayun (1530-39 and 1555-56), Akbar (1556-1605), Jahangir (1605-27), Shah Jahan (1627-58), Aurungzeb (1658-1707), Bahadur Shah (1707-12), Jahandar Shah (1712-13), Farrukh-Siyar (1713-19), Muhammed Shah (1719-48), Ahmad Shah (1748-54), Alamgir II (1754-59), Shah Alam II (1759-1806), Akbar II (1806-37), and Bahadur Shah II (1837-58).

REFERENCES

Istoriia Indii v srednie veka. Moscow, 1968.
Kennedy, P. A History of the Great Moghuls . . ., vols. 1-2. Calcutta, 1905-11.

K. A. ANTONOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
I nodded; she treated me like the great Mogul; so I became the great Mogul as far as she was concerned.
I was now alone in a most remote part of the world, for I was near three thousand leagues by sea farther off from England than I was at my island; only, it is true, I might travel here by land over the Great Mogul's country to Surat, might go from thence to Bassora by sea, up the Gulf of Persia, and take the way of the caravans, over the desert of Arabia, to Aleppo and Scanderoon; from thence by sea again to Italy, and so overland into France.
He had roused himself once, when the horse stopped until the turnpike gate was opened, and had cried a lusty 'good night!' to the toll- keeper; but then he awoke out of a dream about picking a lock in the stomach of the Great Mogul, and even when he did wake, mixed up the turnpike man with his mother-in-law who had been dead twenty years.
"Now, as touching this Great Carbuncle, I am free to own that I have never had a glimpse of it; but be it only the hundredth part so bright as people tell, it will surely outvalue the Great Mogul's best diamond, which he holds at an incalculable sum.
How Mr Chuckster, entranced by this monstrous fact, stood for some time rooted to the earth, protesting within himself that Kit was the Prince of felonious characters, and very Emperor or Great Mogul of Snobs, and how he clearly traced this revolting circumstance back to that old villany of the shilling, are matters foreign to our purpose; which is to track the rolling wheels, and bear the travellers company on their cold, bleak journey.
There were one hundred and forty-three diamonds of the first water, including one which has been called, I believe, 'the Great Mogul' and is said to be the second largest stone in existence.
The lame foreigner with the stick represented that you sent him; but he could represent (as far as that goes) that the Great Mogul sent him.
In addition to the ceremony to mark the formal opening of the restored grave, which goes by the name of "Mazar-i-Salatin" (Cemetery of the Sultans of the Empire of the Great Moguls), a desk containing chronological information about the site in English and Urdu has been installed to inform visitors about the life and times of Dulati.
(3) Bamber Gascoigne, The Great Moguls (New York: Carroll & Graff Publishers, 1971), pp.
Taj Mahal (2005) (12A): Akhbar Khandirects Kabir Bedi and Sonya Jahan in a story about the Royal family of the great moguls being driven by overpowering passions of love and hate.
Genghis Khan (1927), his earliest full-length biographical narrative, was followed by many others, among them: Temerlane (1928); Alexander of Macedon: Journey to World's End (1946); Charlemagne: The Legend and the Man (1954); Cyrus the Great (1960); and Babur--The Tiger: First of the Great Moguls (1961).