Great Smoky Mountains National Park


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Related to Great Smoky Mountains National Park: Appalachian Trail

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Address:107 Park Headquarters Rd
Gatlinburg, TN 37738

Phone:865-436-1200
Fax:865-436-1220
Web: www.nps.gov/grsm/
Size: 521,495 acres.
Established: Authorized on May 22, 1926; established for full development on June 15, 1930. Designated a Biosphere Reserve in 1976 and a World Heritage Site in 1983.
Location:In eastern Tennessee and western North Carolina. Several major highways lead to the park's three main entrances. In Tennessee, from I-40 take Exit 407 (Sevierville) to TN 66 South, and continue to US 441 South. In Tennessee, from I-40 in Knoxville take Exit 386B US 129 south to Alcoa/Maryville, then proceed on US 321 north through Townsend, and then straight on TN 73. In North Carolina, from I-40 take US 19 west through Maggie Valley and proceed to US 441 north at Cherokee. From Atlanta and points south, follow US 441 and 23 North.
Facilities:Campgrounds (é), picnic area, rest rooms (é), lodging, groceries, bicycle trail, visitor centers (é), museum/exhibit, trails (800+ miles).
Activities:Camping, hiking, bicycling, horseback riding, fishing, wildlife viewing, auto touring, ranger-led programs and other educational activities.
Special Features:The loftiest range east of the Black Hills and one of the oldest uplands on Earth, the Smokies have a biological diversity that includes 1,400+ species of flowering plants and 4,000+ species of non-flowering plants, 100 species of native trees, 200+ species of birds, and 66 species of mammals. Besides the exquisite flora and fauna, the park also preserves structures representing southern Appalachian mountain culture. It is one of the largest protected areas in the eastern United States.

See other parks in Tennessee.
References in periodicals archive ?
unguicularis was found on azalea plants growing along the northern margin of one of the balds in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The origin of the grassy balds may have been natural; however, their present flora is partially an artifact of human interference, such as animal grazing, lumber harvesting, and fire prevention (Lindsay 1977; Lindsay & Bratton 1979).
Birds of Shenandoah National Park, Blue Ridge Parkway, and Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a convenient, full-color field guide that lends itself to easy use by amateur birdwatchers and professional researchers alike.
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is also treating a large number of its old growth hemlocks with systemic pesticides.
Five years ago, autumn visitors to Great Smoky Mountains National Park would have heard mostly birds singing.
Flying over the 500,O00-acre Great Smoky Mountains National Park last year in a Cessna 180 operated by the nonprofit group Southwings, writer Chris Camuto could clearly see evidence of the park's enormous and breathtaking biodiversity, home to an estimated 100,000 species.
Elk introduced into Great Smoky Mountains National Park are also showing promise.
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park covers 500,000 acres and includes the highest continuous ridgeline and surrounding watersheds in the southern Appalachians.
Groups including Friends of Acadia, Friends of Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the Grand Canyon National Park Foundation, are raising money for their own restoration projects.
In the summer of 2000 a team of student researchers from Central Missouri State University collected bryophytes and lichens from tree canopies in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. From their collections we are extracting tardigrades (water bears) from the moss Ulota crispa.
The National Parks Conservation Association, a watchdog organization, has found that visibility in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park has been reduced from its historic 93 miles to as low as 15 miles during recent summers.
BIODIVERSITY OF TREE CANOPY CRYPTOGAMS IN THE GREAT SMOKY MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK. Cryptogams (myxomycetes, macrofungi, mosses, liverworts and lichens) that live on the bark surface of living trees are often overlooked by conventional biodiversity studies.
Luckily, Robin and Woody Voorhis aren't responsible for counting bears in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. "We see bears, but not very often," says Robin, eleven.

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