Great Tit


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Great Tit

 

(Parus major), a bird of the family Paridae and the order Passeriformes. The body averages 15 cm in length and weighs 20 g. The coloring is a combination of black, green, white, light blue, and yellow. It is distributed in Europe, Asia (excluding the north), and northwestern Africa.

The great tit is both migratory and nonmigratory. It lives in deciduous and mixed forests, parks, shrubs, river thickets, and, in the desert, in saxaul. The nest is usually built in the hollows of trees. The birds nest from the end of March to the beginning of April. Each clutch contains nine to 13 eggs. The female sits on the nest for 13 days, and there are two clutches a year. The main food is insects. During the period of feeding the nestlings, a pair of adults brings in up to 1,000 insects a day. The birds are very useful and should be protected and attracted.

REFERENCE

Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 5. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A. Gladkov. Moscow, 1954.

A. M. SUDILOVSKAIA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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But they were sad to lose the Great Tits who have been a familiar sight for many years.
Right now about non-stop seemingly frenetic activity as young mouths demand Little wonder then that great tit parents, once their youngsters are up and flying and at last self-sufficient, look somewhat tatty.
In Northumberland, where almost 4,000 people took part, the top 10 was: house sparrow; starling; blue tit; blackbird; chaffinch; woodpigeon; great tit; goldfinch; jackdaw; coal tit.
The study, by University of Groningen biologists, analyzed ten years' worth of data on flycatcher fatalities in great tit nest boxes in the Netherlands and found that flycatcher fatalities were higher in mild winter years.
Northumberland: House sparrow; starling; blackbird; blue tit; chaffinch; woodpigeon; great tit; robin; goldfinch; jackdaw.
Dunnock, song thrush and great tit can now be heard during breaks in the freezing weather and the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO) is starting to receive the first reports of nesting birds, with mallard, moorhen and mistle thrush already known to have fledged chicks earlier than usual.
London, Sept 18 ( ANI ): Scientists have found that reserved male great tit birds have been found to seek the company of similar birds to themselves proving the age old saying- 'Birds of a feather, flock together'.
Microstructural parameters of the spongy bone on the forehead, temporomandibular, and occiput of the Grey Headed woodpecker, Eurasian hoopoe, Mongolian skylark, and Great Tit compared with Great spotted woodpecker are shown in Figures 2(a)-2(f).
Sofianites have picked the Great Tit (Parus major) as a symbol of the capital.
Previous correlational results suggested that nest humidity may increase the negative effect of fleas on Great Tit (Parus major) reproductive success.
In places where there are marsh tits, willow tits and crested tits - the latter exclusively resident in the Speyside pine forests - plus the usual blue and great tit varieties, the coal tit is very much the subservient bird.
Other winners were coal tit (+263%), magpie (+173%), wren (+88%), great tit (+67%) and blue tit (+7%).