Great Trek


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Trek, Great

(trĕk), the journey by Afrikaner farmers (BoersBoer
[Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape Province.
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) who left the Cape Colony to escape British domination and eventually founded Natal, Transvaal, and the Orange Free State. Trek is an Afrikaans term, originally meaning a journey by ox wagon. In this most famous trek, 12,000 Boers left the Cape between 1835 and 1843. The Voortrekkers (as these Boers are known) migrated beyond the Orange River. After defeating resident Africans, most remained in the highveld of the interior, forming isolated communities and small states.

Bibliography

See E. Walker, The Great Trek (5th ed. 1965).


Great Trek:

see Trek, GreatTrek, Great
, the journey by Afrikaner farmers (Boers) who left the Cape Colony to escape British domination and eventually founded Natal, Transvaal, and the Orange Free State. Trek is an Afrikaans term, originally meaning a journey by ox wagon.
..... Click the link for more information.
.
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References in periodicals archive ?
To mark 120 years since that great trek to "Cwm Hyfryd" - the valley which secured their fortunes, their 21st century descendants saddled up their horses to embark on the same journey.
SWAPO is constructing its own national myth of liberation, much as the Afrikaners constructed their myth of the Great Trek into the interior of Africa during the 1800s.
Embarrassed by the seeming wide-eyed foolishness of their ancestors, jeered on the school playground by fellow Mennonites, warned to avoid seminary and theological study, descendants of this Great Trek have returned to their communities to begin a retelling.
Back in the days of the Great Trek, King Moroka of the Barolong (Dr Moroka's ancestor) was a great friend of the Voortrekkers, whom he regarded as allies against the British, and Thaba Nchu soon became a safe haven and a favourite campsite for Boers migrating north from the Cape.
These stories of displacement have a particular place in the founding of a notion of a South African nation-state, as they complement that other great national myth of displacement, the Great Trek. The narratives of displacement of the Boer War deportations turns them into the counter-myth, the feminine equivalent, of the founding myth of South Africa.
The wool industry, along with wine and wheat, provided the basis for the Cape Colony's agrarian economy during the nineteenth century, but it has been neglected by historians, who have been more attentive to the mobilization of the Western Cape Dutch by the Cape Bond, the origins of the Great Trek by frontier Boers, the activities of Cecil Rhodes, and the Cape's expansion over African societies in the Ciskei and Transkei.
As an avid reader of African Business I very much enjoyed your fascinating article 'The Great Trek North' in the August/September 2004 issue concerning the northern movement of southern Africa's white farmers.
Drawing on Anderson then, this paper revisits the terrain of Afrikaner nationalism by drawing a comparison between the discourse on sexuality and the body found in the Tweede Trek series--a series of popular scientific texts, which was commissioned by the Afrikaner Broederbond (1) and published by Nasionale Pers in the 1940s to coincide with the centenary celebration of the 'Great Trek' (2)--and the Keurboslaan series--boarding school stories for boys published roughly at the same time--against the background of the challenges facing the Afrikaner elite in its nation-building project.
The Voortrekker Monument Museum and Fort Schanskop is Pretoria - The administrative capital of South Africa is an elegant city with a great mix of architecture, from European Victorian to Cape Dutch housed in the Voortrekker Monument, built to commemorate the Great Trek from the Cape of Good Hope into the interior of South Africa between 1835 and 1852.
Such are the Great Trek celebrations and the Voortrekker Monument; such are Dingaan's Day and Union Day, and such are the approaching Van Riebeeck celebrations.
Historical factoids, such as the origin of funeral wreaths and observations of such traditions as "the homecoming"--the great trek South when a family member living in the region passes--are interesting, yet when offered alongside pictures, and very real accounts of brutality and violence, her observations seem more like random trivia than seamless information.
They begin a great trek south to escape the cold - and to reunite human baby Roshan with his nomadic family.