Great Tit

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Great Tit

 

(Parus major), a bird of the family Paridae and the order Passeriformes. The body averages 15 cm in length and weighs 20 g. The coloring is a combination of black, green, white, light blue, and yellow. It is distributed in Europe, Asia (excluding the north), and northwestern Africa.

The great tit is both migratory and nonmigratory. It lives in deciduous and mixed forests, parks, shrubs, river thickets, and, in the desert, in saxaul. The nest is usually built in the hollows of trees. The birds nest from the end of March to the beginning of April. Each clutch contains nine to 13 eggs. The female sits on the nest for 13 days, and there are two clutches a year. The main food is insects. During the period of feeding the nestlings, a pair of adults brings in up to 1,000 insects a day. The birds are very useful and should be protected and attracted.

REFERENCE

Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 5. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A. Gladkov. Moscow, 1954.

A. M. SUDILOVSKAIA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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He said: "Work last year, during the nesting season, to repair the thatch resulted in our Great Tits, who have nested in the old water pump in the garden for several years, having to find somewhere else to raise their young.
Great tits are among the most studied of birds because as they readily use nest boxes, they are easy to observe.
Now, according a new study published in Current Biology in January, climate change is causing an uptick in the frequency of this overlap and leading to an increasing number of nest-seeking male flycatchers being killed by male great tits guarding their nests.
But the RSPB said it was curious to see how the figures might change this year, following a positive year for some resident British birds including greenfinches, chaffinches, blue tits, great tits and long-tailed tits.
To see how urbanization might influence early development in great tits (Parus major), biologists at Lund University in Sweden took newly hatched great tits from the city and the country and mixed them up.
TOP 10S: North East: House sparrow; starling; blackbird; blue tit; woodpigeon; chaffinch; great tit; goldfinch; robin; collared dove.
Dunnock, song thrush and great tit can now be heard during breaks in the freezing weather and the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO) is starting to receive the first reports of nesting birds, with mallard, moorhen and mistle thrush already known to have fledged chicks earlier than usual.
Dutch scientists Christel Mols and Marcel Visser measured the level of damage to apples in an orchard where great tits were nesting, compared to orchards where they weren't.
Shy male great tits seek the company of similarly reserved birds, while introverted females associate freely with all personalities, the Daily Express reported.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A female great tits' (Parus major) appearance is shown to signal healthy attributes in offspring, a study found.
PS9.99 NESTING BOXES There's two to choose from - wide openings are ideal for robins and wrens , while the round hole boxes suit sparrows and blue and great tits. PS4.99 each