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political faction: see Blues and GreensBlues and Greens,
political factions in the Byzantine Empire in the 6th cent. They took their names from two of the four colors worn by the circus charioteers. Their clashes were intensified by religious differences.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



originally the name given to those who evaded military service, mainly in the White armies, during the Civil War of 1918–20 in Soviet Russia. They acquired their name from the fact that they hid in forests. This phenomenon became widespread in the summer of 1918, when the White Guards began to mobilize the population by force. In response to terror and repression, Greens from among the workers and peasants formed partisan detachments known as Red-Greens, which operated behind White lines, mainly in the Northern Caucasus, Dagestan, and the Crimea, and which numbered about 15,000 fighters in the summer of 1919. In the Kuban’region and on the Northern Black Sea Shore the Green movement was led by underground Novorossiisk and Ekaterinodar party committees, and in the Northern Caucasus, by the Caucasian regional (krai) committee of the RCP (Bolshevik). The activity of the Red-Greens on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus intensified at the end of 1919 and beginning of 1920. In January and February 1920, the Green Soviet Army (in the Novorossiisk-Tuapse region) and the Black Sea Peasant Militia (in the Adler-Sochi region) liberated almost the entire northeastern part of the Black Sea coast. In March 1920, they united to form the Red Army of the Black Sea (about 12,000 men), whose Military Revolutionary Council was headed by Communists. The Red Army of the Black Sea was later incorporated into the Red Army. The White Guard command formed White-Green detachments behind Red Army lines, composed chiefly of kulak bands and remnants of White troops. These detachments did not as a rule find support among the population and were destroyed by the Red Army.


Istoriia grazhdanskoi voiny v SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow, 1959.
Kakurin, N. E. Kak srazhalas’ revoliutsiia, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1925.
Favitskii, V. “Zelenaia armiia v Chernomor’e.” Proletarskaia revoliutsiia, 1924, nos. 8–9.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
"Nor I!" broke in the Saw-Horse; so a pair of green spectacles was quickly fastened over the bulging knots that served it for eyes.
Then the Soldier with the Green Whiskers led them through the inner gate and they at once found themselves in the main street of the magnificent Emerald City.
The encircling camp of green warriors lay about five hundred yards from the city's walls.
I knew that the word I brought would prove a splendid passport to Kaol, and I must admit that my caution was due more to my ardent desire to make my way into the city than to avoid a brush with the green men.
"So he is," said the green man, "and he rules the Emerald City wisely and well.
Their prodigious bounds and the shrill, screeching purr of their uncanny mouths were well calculated to confuse and terrorize their prey, so that as two of them leaped simultaneously from either side, the mighty sweep of those awful tails met with no resistance and two more green Martians went down to an ignoble death.
The Green Man quickly rose and hurried to the door by the side of the fireplace; but it was opened by the landlord who appeared, and said to the keeper:
As Sola and I entered the plaza a sight met my eyes which filled my whole being with a great surge of mingled hope, fear, exultation, and depression, and yet most dominant was a subtle sense of relief and happiness; for just as we neared the throng of Martians I caught a glimpse of the prisoner from the battle craft who was being roughly dragged into a nearby building by a couple of green Martian females.
At last they reached the great gateway, just as the sun was setting and adding its red glow to the glitter of the emeralds on the green walls and spires.
"But I didn't mean to dye it green, Marilla," protested Anne dejectedly.
In summer time, the town is sweet to see; full of fine maples --long avenues of green and gold.
What would the green earth be without its lovely flowers, and what a lonely home for us!