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Greenwich(grĕn`ĭch), residential town (1990 pop. 58,441), Fairfield co., SW Conn., on the Mianus and Byram rivers and Long Island Sound; settled 1640, inc. 1955. This attractive suburban community is noted as the home of many New York City executives. The town is located near an active and growing business community and contains many corporate headquarters. Greenwich was long inhabited by farmers and oystermen. In the American Revolution it was plundered (1779) by the British; a house (built 1731) from which Gen. Israel Putnam supposedly made a dramatic escape is still preserved. In the late 19th cent., Greenwich began to attract artists and summer residents. Comprised of numerous villages (including Greenwich, Riverside, Quaker Ridge, Old Greenwich, and Cos Cob), it has over 32 mi (52 km) of shoreline on Long Island Sound, with many harbors, beaches, and small islands. Of interest are the Bruce Museum and the Audubon Center.
Greenwich(grĭn`īj, grĕn`–), inner borough (1991 pop. 200,800) of Greater London, SE England, on the Thames River. The borough, which is treated as an outer borough for statistical purposes, includes most of Woolwich, which was merged with Greenwich in 1965; North Woolwich, on the north side of the Thames, was incorporated into NewhamNewham
, outer borough (1991 pop. 200,200) of Greater London, SE England, on the Thames River. Newham is residential in the northeast. The Royal Docks, which are no longer used commercially, are in the south; the London City Airport is there.
..... Click the link for more information. . In 2012 Greenwich became a royal borough. Manufactures include telephone equipment and underwater cable.
The system of geographic longitude and time-keeping worked out at the famous Royal Observatory there have become standard in most countries of the world; the prime meridian, or long. 0°, passes through the observatory. In the 20th cent., the functions of the observatory were transferred to first to Herstmonceux, Sussex (1948–57), and later to Cambridge (1990; closed 1998). The observatory site in Greenwich subsequently functioned as museum and science center; in 2018, however, modern telescopic instruments were installed in a building there. (See also Royal Greenwich ObservatoryRoyal Greenwich Observatory,
astronomical observatory established in 1675 by Charles II of England at Greenwich and known as the Royal Observatory. It moved during 1948–57 to Herstmonceux Castle, Sussex; with the completion of the move, the observatory was renamed, and the
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Greenwich has nearly 9 mi (14.5 km) of river frontage; the huge Millennium Dome, constructed to celebrate the year 2000, is on the waterfront. Woolwich's docks and shipbuilding facilities were important from the 16th to the mid-19th cent. The Royal Naval College also was in the borough. The college building, partially designed by Christopher WrenWren, Sir Christopher,
1632–1723, English architect. A mathematical prodigy, he studied at Oxford. He was professor of astronomy at Gresham College, London, from 1657 to 1661, when he became Savilian professor of astronomy at Oxford.
..... Click the link for more information. , was originally a home for disabled sailors. On the site of the present structure (begun in the late 17th cent.) stood a palace that was the birthplace of Henry VIII, Mary I, and Elizabeth I; Edward VI died there. The grounds are now part of the Univ. of Greenwich. Greenwich's National Maritime Museum is partly housed in a building designed by Inigo Jones for Anne of Denmark. The Royal Military Academy was at Woolwich until 1947, when it merged with the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. Both Greenwich and Woolwich are mentioned in documents dating from the 10th cent. and appear in the Domesday BookDomesday Book
, record of a general census of England made (1085–86) by order of William I (William the Conqueror). The survey ascertained the economic resources of most of the country for purposes of more accurate taxation.
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since 1964, a metropolitan district of the borough of Greater London, England. Population, 226,000 (1970). It is famous for its astronomical observatory. The National Naval Museum is located in Greenwich.