Greenwich Mean Time


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Greenwich mean time

or

Greenwich meridian time

(GMT), the former name for mean solar time at the site of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England, which is located on the prime meridianprime meridian,
meridian that is designated zero degree (0°) longitude, from which all other longitudes are measured. By international convention, it passes through the site of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England; for this reason, it is sometimes called the Greenwich
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. In 1925 the numbering system was changed to make GMT equivalent to civil timecivil time,
local time based on universal time. Civil time may be formally defined as mean solar time plus 12 hr; the civil day begins at midnight, while the mean solar day begins at noon.
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 at the prime meridian, and in 1928 the International Astronomical Union changed the designation of the standard timestandard time,
civil time used within a given time zone. The earth is divided into 24 time zones, each of which is about 15° of longitude wide and corresponds to one hour of time. Within a zone all civil clocks are set to the same local solar time.
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 of the prime meridian to universal timeuniversal time
(UT), the international time standard common to every place in the world, it nominally reflects the mean solar time along the earth's prime meridian (renumbered to equate to civil time).
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 (UT), which is now in general use.
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Greenwich mean time

(GMT) The mean solar time on the longitude (0°) at Greenwich, in the UK, reckoned from midnight. In 1928, on the recommendation of the IAU, GMT became known as universal time (UT) for scientific purposes; the version coordinated universal time, available since 1972 from broadcast signals, is now generally known as GMT.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006

Greenwich mean time

[′gren·ich ′mēn ¦tīm]
(astronomy)
Mean solar time at the meridian of Greenwich. Abbreviated GMT. Also known as Greenwich civil time; universal time; Z time; zulu time.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)click for a larger image
The arc of the equatorial measured westward intercepted between the Greenwich antimeridian and the meridian of the mean sun. Also called Zulu time.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

Greenwich Mean Time

, Greenwich Time
mean solar time on the 0? meridian passing through Greenwich, England, measured from midnight: formerly a standard time in Britain and a basis for calculating times throughout most of the world, it has been replaced by an atomic timescale
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Greenwich Mean Time

(time, standard)
(GMT) The local time on the Greenwich meridian, based on the hypothetical mean sun (which averages out the effects of the Earth's elliptical orbit and its tilted axis). GMT is the basis of the civil time for the UK.

In 1925 the reference point was changed from noon to midnight and it was recommended that the term "Universal Time" should be used for the new GMT.

Authorities disagreed on whether GMT equates with UT0 or UT1, however the differences between the two are of the order of thousandths of a second. GMT is no longer used for scientific purposes.
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UTC

(Coordinated Universal Time, Temps Universel Coordonné) The international time standard (formerly Greenwich Mean Time, or GMT). Zero hours UTC is midnight in Greenwich, England, which is located at 0 degrees longitude. Everything east of Greenwich (up to 180 degrees) is later in time; everything west is earlier. There are 42 time authorities around the world that are constantly synchronizing with each other. In the U.S., the time authorities are located at the U.S. Naval Observatory (USNO) and the National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST). See NTP.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Sticking with Greenwich Mean Time, allowing them lighter mornings to tend their livestock, has been the argument for decades.
"Hey world, Greenwich Mean Time says it's noon, so work your own times out from that."
THE unnecessary British Summer Time ends this month and we can go back to Greenwich Mean Time.
This is when the UK moves out of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) to British Summer Time (BST).
They will be turning back time on 35 of the collection's 500-plus clocks as the nation moves from British Summer Time to Greenwich Mean Time on Sunday.
25, 2012 (3 pm Greenwich Mean time) will not be affected, whereby passengers must adhere to the flight timing mentioned on their tickets.
Laura Neale, a postgraduate researcher in psychology, is investigating the effects of changing clocks from Greenwich Mean Time to British Summer Time and back each year.
It would also spell the end for Greenwich Mean Time, which is measured by the time at which the Sun crosses the Greenwich Meridian and was adopted in Britain in 1847.
At 2am last Sunday morning several of my domestic appliances segued automatically and effortlessly onto Greenwich Mean Time while I slept, leaving me, the central heating controls and the microwave in a BST limbo.
This is a particularly stupid idea: theworld has always referred to Greenwich Mean Time as the universal standard.
Greenwich mean time suddenly has a whole new meaning.

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