Grégoire Kayibanda

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kayibanda, Grégoire


Born May 1, 1924, in the commune of Musambira, Gitarama Province. Rwandan political figure and statesman.

Kayibanda was educated in Catholic seminaries in the cities of Kabgaye and Nyakibanda. In the second half of the 1950’s he was editor in chief of the newspaper Kinyamateka, which was founded by a group from the intelligentsia advocating Rwanda’s independence. In 1959 he was one of the chief organizers of the party known as PARMEHUTU (Hutu Emancipation Movement; since 1960 it has been called the Republican Democratic Movement). From July 1962 to July 1973 he was president of the Republic of Rwanda. Kayibanda was deposed on July 5, 1973, after a coup d’etat.

[11–538–4; updated]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In his case study of pyrethrum farming (daisies from which an insecticidal compound is extracted), Huggins takes us back to 1963, when the Gregoire Kayibanda administration created pyrethrum farms from the Volcanoes National Park to produce one of Rwanda's key exports.
A Hutu revolution installs Gregoire Kayibanda as president.
This article reassesses the political rhetoric and authority of pre-genocide Rwanda to bring nuance to our understanding of the regimes of Gregoire Kayibanda (First Republic, 1961-73) and Juvenal Habyarimana (Second Republic, 1973-94).
'Letter by HE [His Excellence] Gregoire Kayibanda, President of the Republic, to all the nation's servants (2 August 1970)' (National Archives of Rwanda, document no.
'Speech by HE Gregoire Kayibanda, President of the Republic of Rwanda, at the celebration of the 10th anniversary of the MDR Parmehutu, January 28th, 1970' (National Archives of Rwanda, document no.
'Official note by the President of the Republic Gregoire Kayibanda during a meeting at the National Assembly' (National Archives of Rwanda, document no.
'Speech by HE Gregoire Kayibanda, President of the Republic of Rwanda on peace in the country, 22 March 1973' (National Archives of Rwanda, document no.