Gregory XII


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Gregory XII,

c.1327–1417, pope (1406–15), a Venetian named Angelo Correr; successor of Innocent VII. As a condition of election, Gregory promised to do everything possible to end the Great SchismSchism, Great,
or Schism of the West,
division in the Roman Catholic Church from 1378 to 1417. There was no question of faith or practice involved; the schism was a matter of persons and politics.
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, including the relinquishing of his office. Negotiations were opened with the Avignon antipope, Benedict XIII (see Luna, Pedro deLuna, Pedro de
, 1328?–1423?, Aragonese churchman, antipope (1394–1417) with the name Benedict XIII. He was a doctor of canon law and as cardinal (1375) became an outstanding member of the Curia Romana.
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), but soon broke down under pressure from Gregory's family. Seven of his cardinals thereupon defected and together with a group of Avignon cardinals convoked the Council of Pisa (see Pisa, Council ofPisa, Council of,
1409, unrecognized council of the Roman Catholic Church. It was summoned to end the Great Schism (see Schism, Great) by members of the colleges of cardinals of the two rivals, Gregory XII (in Rome) and Benedict XIII (Pedro de Luna, in Avignon).
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) which elected a second antipope, Alexander V. The Council of Constance (see Constance, Council ofConstance, Council of,
1414–18, council of the Roman Catholic Church, some of its sessions being reckoned as the 16th ecumenical council. It was summoned to end the Great Schism (see Schism, Great), in which three men were claiming to be pope—Gregory XII (since
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) deposed the two antipopes, accepted Gregory's resignation (1415), and saw to the proper election of Martin VMartin V,
1368–1431, pope (1417–31), a Roman named Oddone Colonna; successor of Gregory XII. He was created cardinal by Innocent VII, and in the schism (see Schism, Great) he attended and supported the decisions of the Council of Pisa (see Pisa, Council of).
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 (1417). Gregory died as cardinal bishop of Porto.
References in periodicals archive ?
The last pope to resign, Gregory XII, did so nearly 600 years ago as part of complex negotiations to end a 40-year schism between popes at Rome and antipopes at Avignon.
It was Pope Gregory XII, who, in a very sacrificial gesture offered to resign so that the council of Constance could assume his power and appoint a new Pope, and in so doing bring an end Great Western Schism," Prudlo told Vatican Radio in an interview.
The last pope to resign was Pope Gregory XII, who stepped down in 1415 in a deal to end the Great Western Schism among competing papal claimants.
The last pope to resign was Gregory XII in 1415 at the request of the Council of Constance.
He in turn decided to become an advisor to the new pope, Gregory XII, at the curia.
Pope Gregory XII also died on this day in 1417 as did Pope Pius III, who died in 1503.
The last pope to resign was Gregory XII in 1415 as part of a deal to end the Great Western schism among competing papal claimants.
At the time of the Western Schism (1378-1417), the Council of Constance (1414-18) deposed both John XXIII as an anti-pope and Gregory XII, who as the supposedly legitimate pope was allowed to present it as an abdication." Eamon Duffy, visiting professor at the Centre for Catholic Studies , and professor of the history of Christianity at Cambridge University, added: "It is hugely to Pope Benedict's credit, because this at one stroke demystifies the office and sets all his successors free to do the same if their health and age require it." The Vatican stressed that no specific medical condition prompted Benedict's decision, but in recent years, the Pope has slowed down significantly, cutting back foreign travel and limiting audiences.
The last papal resignation was handed over by Pope Gregory XII in 1415, during a period of political issues within the church.
And in 1415 Gregory XII - one of THREE Popes reigning simultaneously in a confusing time for the Church - abdicated after a rival was jailed and another burned alive.
In 1415, Pope Gregory XII resigned in an effort to put an end to the so-called 'Western Schism' 6 a complex web of affairs in which two others -- the Avignon Pope Benedict XIII and the Antipope John XXIII 6 also claimed the papacy.
The three coats of arms are all Venetian, as the pope, Gregory XII, was the Venetian Angelo Correr.