Gregory XIII


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Gregory XIII,

1502–85, pope (1572–85), an Italian named Ugo Buoncompagni, b. Bologna; successor of St. Pius VPius V, Saint,
1504–72, pope (1566–72), an Italian named Michele Ghislieri, b. near Alessandria; successor of Pius IV. He was ordained in the Dominicans (1528) and became celebrated for his austerity.
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. He is best known for his work on the calendarcalendar
[Lat., from Kalends], system of reckoning time for the practical purpose of recording past events and calculating dates for future plans. The calendar is based on noting ordinary and easily observable natural events, the cycle of the sun through the seasons with equinox
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, and the reformed calendar, the Gregorian, is named for him. He was prominent at the Council of Trent (1545, 1559–63; see Trent, Council ofTrent, Council of,
1545–47, 1551–52, 1562–63, 19th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, convoked to meet the crisis of the Protestant Reformation.
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) and in the work of reform thereafter. He was created (1564) cardinal and later was legate to Spain. As pope, Gregory's absorbing interests were the education of the clergy and the conversion of Protestants. He especially patronized the Jesuits, whom he encouraged on their many missions, particularly in N Europe and in Japan. He proposed the deposition of Queen Elizabeth of England, and he advocated no compromise with German Protestants. He has been much criticized for a public thanksgiving at Rome for the massacre of Saint Bartholomew's DaySaint Bartholomew's Day, massacre of,
murder of French Protestants, or Huguenots, that began in Paris on Aug. 24, 1572. It was preceded, on Aug. 22, by an attempt, ordered by Catherine de' Medici, on the life of the Huguenot leader Admiral Coligny.
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, but he had been told that it was the suppression of a rebellion. He issued a new edition of the canon law. He was succeeded by Sixtus VSixtus V,
1521–90, pope (1585–90), an Italian (b. near Montalto) named Felice Peretti; successor of Gregory XIII. He entered the Franciscan order in early youth.
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.

Gregory XIII

1502--85, pope (1572--85). He promoted the Counter-Reformation and founded seminaries. His reformed (Gregorian) calendar was issued in 1582
References in periodicals archive ?
1) The day of the week that Pope Gregory XIII was born was determined using the Julian calendar.
In 1574 Pope Gregory XIII Buoncompagni (1572-1585) described this area as "a deserted district filled with ruins and brushwood" that made the way between the Lateran and Santa Croce in Gerusalemme long, difficult, and dangerous for pilgrims, because it was under-populated.
However, despite the reform and reinvigoration of the Julian calendar by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582, the March convention continued.
Popes Sixtus V and Gregory XIII would support the League later, including Philip II's attempt at establishing his daughter Isabel Clara Eugenia as heir to the French throne.
Elizabeth of Austria favored a design featuring a lady, a dove and the motto "Life after Death," while Pope Gregory XIII preferred "Choice.
Thus began the feast of Our Lady of Victory, later changed by Pope Gregory XIII to the feast of Our Lady of the Rosary, and extended to the whole church by Clement XI in 1716.
In 1582, the Julian calendar had been reformed under Pope Gregory XIII.
When in 1582 Pope Gregory XIII announced his reformed calendar, English response was more intrigued than hostile, but opposition set in; it would be 1752 before England abandoned the Julian Calendar.
Renaissance iconography, art and politics are scrutinised to extract the artistic and cartographic devices used during the court of duke Cosimo I de' Medici (1537-1574) and the papal court of Gregory XIII Boncompagni (1572-1585).
IN 1750 ENGLAND and her empire, including the American colonies, still adhered to the old Julian calendar, which was now eleven days ahead of the Gregorian calendar, introduced in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII and in use in most of Europe.
Esta costumbre es originaria de Francia en 1582, cuando el Papa Gregory XIII ordeno un nuevo calendario que remplazara el viejo calendario de Julian.
The Collegio Ponticifio Papio was founded in the 16th century by Bartolomeo Papio (1526-1580) on the orders of Pope Gregory XIII.