Gregory XIII


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Gregory XIII,

1502–85, pope (1572–85), an Italian named Ugo Buoncompagni, b. Bologna; successor of St. Pius VPius V, Saint,
1504–72, pope (1566–72), an Italian named Michele Ghislieri, b. near Alessandria; successor of Pius IV. He was ordained in the Dominicans (1528) and became celebrated for his austerity.
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. He is best known for his work on the calendarcalendar
[Lat., from Kalends], system of reckoning time for the practical purpose of recording past events and calculating dates for future plans. The calendar is based on noting ordinary and easily observable natural events, the cycle of the sun through the seasons with equinox
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, and the reformed calendar, the Gregorian, is named for him. He was prominent at the Council of Trent (1545, 1559–63; see Trent, Council ofTrent, Council of,
1545–47, 1551–52, 1562–63, 19th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, convoked to meet the crisis of the Protestant Reformation.
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) and in the work of reform thereafter. He was created (1564) cardinal and later was legate to Spain. As pope, Gregory's absorbing interests were the education of the clergy and the conversion of Protestants. He especially patronized the Jesuits, whom he encouraged on their many missions, particularly in N Europe and in Japan. He proposed the deposition of Queen Elizabeth of England, and he advocated no compromise with German Protestants. He has been much criticized for a public thanksgiving at Rome for the massacre of Saint Bartholomew's DaySaint Bartholomew's Day, massacre of,
murder of French Protestants, or Huguenots, that began in Paris on Aug. 24, 1572. It was preceded, on Aug. 22, by an attempt, ordered by Catherine de' Medici, on the life of the Huguenot leader Admiral Coligny.
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, but he had been told that it was the suppression of a rebellion. He issued a new edition of the canon law. He was succeeded by Sixtus VSixtus V,
1521–90, pope (1585–90), an Italian (b. near Montalto) named Felice Peretti; successor of Gregory XIII. He entered the Franciscan order in early youth.
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.

Gregory XIII

1502--85, pope (1572--85). He promoted the Counter-Reformation and founded seminaries. His reformed (Gregorian) calendar was issued in 1582
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) The day of the week that Pope Gregory XIII was born was determined using the Julian calendar.
In 1574 Pope Gregory XIII Buoncompagni (1572-1585) described this area as "a deserted district filled with ruins and brushwood" that made the way between the Lateran and Santa Croce in Gerusalemme long, difficult, and dangerous for pilgrims, because it was under-populated.
But it was only in 1582 that Pope Gregory XIII addressed the missing quarter day in the solar rotation by creating the leap year.
In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII ordered the advancement of the calendar by ten days and introduced a new corrective device to curb further error.
1582 Pope Gregory XIII announced a change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar.
The exhibition includes such documents as letters by Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas of 1323, the Act of Kreva of 1385, which created a dynastic union between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland, the Peace Treaty of Melno between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Teutonic Order of 1422, the Papal Bull of Pope Gregory XIII confirming the foundation of Vilnius University in 1579, a 1948 underground publication by Lithuanian anti-Soviet guerrillas, the act of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania declaring the restoration of Lithuania's independence on March 11, 1990.
However, she is mistaken in asserting that Gregory XIII repeated or reiterated the excommunication in 1580 (20, 111); he reinterpreted the bull and partially suspended it but never reissued it.
St Gregory, Gregory XIII, the patriarch Eutichius and archbishop Bartholomew Carranza
However, despite the reform and reinvigoration of the Julian calendar by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582, the March convention continued.
Popes Sixtus V and Gregory XIII would support the League later, including Philip II's attempt at establishing his daughter Isabel Clara Eugenia as heir to the French throne.
Elizabeth of Austria favored a design featuring a lady, a dove and the motto "Life after Death," while Pope Gregory XIII preferred "Choice." Used basically as coats of arms by nobility, an impresa was a device with a motto, a picture, and text which named the bearer and his or her intentions.
Thus began the feast of Our Lady of Victory, later changed by Pope Gregory XIII to the feast of Our Lady of the Rosary, and extended to the whole church by Clement XI in 1716.