Gregory XVI


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Gregory XVI,

1765–1846, pope (1831–46), an Italian named Bartolomeo Alberto Capellari, b. Belluno; successor of Pius VIII. In 1783 he became a Camaldolite and was (1825) created cardinal. Gregory was a conservative both in politics and theology, and he was continually opposed by liberals throughout Europe. His most famous act was the condemnation of Father LamennaisLamennais or La Mennais, Félicité Robert de
, 1782–1854, French Roman Catholic apologist and liberal, b. Saint-Malo. He was largely self-educated by wide, indiscriminate reading.
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 with the encyclical Mirari vos (1832). In 1831 the CarbonariCarbonari
[Ital.,=charcoal burners], members of a secret society that flourished in Italy, Spain, and France early in the 19th cent. Possibly derived from Freemasonry, the society originated in the kingdom of Naples in the reign of Murat (1808–15) and drew its members from
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 outbreaks spread to Rome, and only Austrian help suppressed them. He nearly came to an open break over anticlerical legislation in Spain and Portugal, and he had a long controversy with Prussia. Gregory was actively interested in propagating the faith in England and the United States. He was succeeded by Pius IXPius IX,
1792–1878, pope (1846–78), an Italian named Giovanni M. Mastai-Ferretti, b. Senigallia; successor of Gregory XVI. He was cardinal and bishop of Imola when elected pope.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
(48) Gregory XVI, Encyclical Inter Praecipuas para..
Admittedly Gregory XVI, a Camaldolese monk and the last nonbishop elected pope, was the "most hated pope for two centuries" (57).
The Church hoped to regain title to its property, which the government did finally vote to restore, but "not to exceed 15 acres." Church buildings would belong to the "Chief Pastor of the Roman Church." In 1841 Pope Gregory XVI raised the Church in Texas to the status of a Vicariate Apostolic.
Among the events are Pope Gregory XVI's condemnation of the slave trade in 1839; African-American Fr.
He was canonized in 1839 by Pope Gregory XVI. Pope Plus IX proclaimed him a Doctor of the Church in 1871.
mediates these conflicting views by examining closely the papal pronouncements of Gregory XVI and Pius IX, Dei filius of Vatican I, and Leo XIII's Aeterni patris.
In 1836, some relics that were exhumed from the catacombs of Saint Hippolytus on the Via Tiburtina, then near Rome, were identified with St Valentine; placed in a casket, and transported to the Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, Ireland, to which they were donated by Pope Gregory XVI.
The twentieth century had completely altered some of the teachings of Pope Gregory XVI given in his encyclical Mirari Vos.
The evidence comes in the form of a letter dated 1836 from Pope Gregory XVI confirming his gift to them of the saint's remains.
Relics removed from the Saint Hyppolytus cemetery just outside Rome were taken to the Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin in 1836, on the orders of Pope Gregory XVI.
When Felicite de Lamannais and several other French professors began extolling the values of democracy, freedom of conscience, and participation even within the church, Pope Gregory XVI responded with an encyclical that labeled such ideas "sheer madness."
This suggests a clear-cut Catholic philosophy but as underscored by the historical details provided by McGreevy, the translation of Catholicism's communal ethos into church teaching on specific questions is characterized by complexity and nuance--as indicated, for example, by Pope Gregory XVI's ban on Catholic participation in the slave trade but not on Catholic ownership of slaves, the latter a hierarchically structured social relation.