Gregory XVI


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Gregory XVI,

1765–1846, pope (1831–46), an Italian named Bartolomeo Alberto Capellari, b. Belluno; successor of Pius VIII. In 1783 he became a Camaldolite and was (1825) created cardinal. Gregory was a conservative both in politics and theology, and he was continually opposed by liberals throughout Europe. His most famous act was the condemnation of Father LamennaisLamennais or La Mennais, Félicité Robert de
, 1782–1854, French Roman Catholic apologist and liberal, b. Saint-Malo. He was largely self-educated by wide, indiscriminate reading.
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 with the encyclical Mirari vos (1832). In 1831 the CarbonariCarbonari
[Ital.,=charcoal burners], members of a secret society that flourished in Italy, Spain, and France early in the 19th cent. Possibly derived from Freemasonry, the society originated in the kingdom of Naples in the reign of Murat (1808–15) and drew its members from
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 outbreaks spread to Rome, and only Austrian help suppressed them. He nearly came to an open break over anticlerical legislation in Spain and Portugal, and he had a long controversy with Prussia. Gregory was actively interested in propagating the faith in England and the United States. He was succeeded by Pius IXPius IX,
1792–1878, pope (1846–78), an Italian named Giovanni M. Mastai-Ferretti, b. Senigallia; successor of Gregory XVI. He was cardinal and bishop of Imola when elected pope.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Admittedly Gregory XVI, a Camaldolese monk and the last nonbishop elected pope, was the "most hated pope for two centuries" (57).
The twentieth century had completely altered some of the teachings of Pope Gregory XVI given in his encyclical Mirari Vos.
Dr Spratt so impressed the then pontiff, Pope Gregory XVI, that he was given the remains of St Valentine, and a vessel tinged with the saint's blood.
Relics removed from the Saint Hyppolytus cemetery just outside Rome were taken to the Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin in 1836, on the orders of Pope Gregory XVI.
When Felicite de Lamannais and several other French professors began extolling the values of democracy, freedom of conscience, and participation even within the church, Pope Gregory XVI responded with an encyclical that labeled such ideas "sheer madness.
One of my favorites is the ordinance under Gregory XVI about who might attend the execution of criminals in the Papal State and what medals the papal officers might wear for the occasion.
the saint's remains arrived in Dublin in 1836, a gift from Pope Gregory XVI to a local priest for his work among the poor.
The choice of an early chapter on "The Long Nineteenth Century" between the reigns of Gregory XVI and Pius XII (chap.
Before the end of 1841, Pope Gregory XVI established the See of Toronto and named Michael Power as its first bishop.
Commencing with the pontificate of Gregory XVI (1831-1846), which he explores in one chapter, he devotes five to the pontificate of Pius IX, and one each to those of Leo XIII (1878-191)3) and Pius X (1903-1914).
For instance, under Pope Gregory XVI, temporal ruler and head of the Papal States before the unification of Italy, the death penalty was carried out.
Faced with a popular uprising in Rome and the papal states, the newly elected Pope Gregory XVI (1831-1846 as pope) furiously rejected calls for elected assemblies and lay-dominated councils of state.