Gregory of Nazianzus

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Related to Gregory of Nazianzus: Gregory of Nyssa, John Chrysostom, St. Gregory Nazianzen
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gregory of Nazianzus


(Gregory the Theologian). Born around 330, near Nazianzus in Cappadocia. Asia Minor; died there around 390. Greek poet and prose writer. Church figure and religious thinker. One of the most prominent patristic figures.

Gregory of Nazianzus received a brilliant education in rhetoric and philosophy, which was crowned by language study in an institution of higher learning in Athens, where he became a friend of Basil the Great. In 379 he was summoned by the orthodox community to the episcopate in Constantinople, in order to contribute to the struggle against Arianism, and in 381 he presided at the Second Ecumenical Council. However, also in 381, in a situation marked by turmoil and intrigue, he resigned his episcopal office and returned to his homeland. As a theologian Gregory of Nazianzus was a member of the so-called Cappadocian circle, which included Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa. The circle introduced the methods of Platonic idealistic dialectics into theology.

Gregory of Nazianzus’ greatest prose achievements were his funeral panegyrics to his father and Basil the Great. His lyric poetry is distinguished by an intimate and varied intonation. The autobiographical poems On My Life, On My Fate, and On My Sufferings, with their psychological profundity and standard of self-analysis, are on a par with St. Augustine’s Confessions.


Briefe. Edited by P. Gallay. Berlin, 1969.
Tvoreniia, vols. 1–6. Moscow, 1844–68.
Pamiatniki vizantiiskoi literatury 4–9 vekov. Moscow, 1968. Pages 70–83.


Istoriia Vizantii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1967. Pages 417–19.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(24.) Gregory of Nazianzus, Homily 38; John Chryssavgis, Beyond the Shattered Image (Minneapolis: Light & Life, 1999), 133.
An edict was no more than a declaration of intent but on arriving in his capital of Constantinople for the first time, Theodosius immediately dismissed the Homoian bishop, Demophilus, and appointed the Nicene Gregory of Nazianzus in his place.
It seems clear that the situation there addressed was one prevalent at Constantinople with the reference to [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] at line four, especially if we bear in mind the remarks of Gregory of Nazianzus in the beginning of his first theological oration.
Moreschini, Gregory of Nazianzus. Poemata Arcana (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997), 84.
In the fourth century, one of the most notable examples of encounter between the gospel and culture emerges from the work of three Cappadocian theologians - Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nazianzus and Gregory of Nyssa.
Gregory of Nazianzus (d ?389); and the eloquent St.
Clement of Alexandria and Origin were close Plato, and the Cappadocian Fathers, Gregory of Nazianzus and Basil, who had been educated in Athens, still worked in a Platonic climate but began to use the categories of thought elaborated by Aristotle."
Among the topics are Emperor Julian and Gregory of Nazianzus as paradigms of inter-religious discourse, medieval monks on labor and leisure, print and the transformation of Jewish culture in early modern Europe, how the protestant reformation really disenchanted the world, religion and gender in Enlightenment England, and reflections on the Bible and American political life.
highlights the major positive contributions of Gregory of Nazianzus and Cyril of Alexandria.
The book also offers a concise exposition of the notion of deification in the early church fathers, Irenaeus of Lyon, Clement of Alexandria, Hippolyms of Rome (2nd-3rd cc.), Athanasius of Alexandria, Gregory of Nazianzus, Ephrem the Syrian (4th c.) and Dionysius the Areopagite (6th c.).