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Russian naval figures.
Samuil Karlovich Greig. Born 1736; died Oct. 15 (26). 1788, in Tallinn. Admiral (1782); a Scotsman by nationality. In 1764 he transferred to the Russian service from the British fleet with the rank of captain first class. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–74 he commanded individual detachments of ships in the squadron of Admiral G. A. Spiridov and actually led the fleet in the Battle of Çeşme in 1770. In 1775 he became the chief commander of the port of Kronstadt. During the Russo-Swedish War of 1788–90 he commanded the Baltic Fleet with success and won a victory at Gogland Island (1788).
Aleksei Samuilovich Greig. Born Sept. 6 (17). 1775; died Jan. 18 (30), 1845, in St. Petersburg. Admiral (1828); son of S. K. Greig. He studied seafaring in the British fleet from 1785 to 1796. He took part in the Russian war against France (1798–1800). In the Russo-Turkish War of 1806–12 he successfully commanded a detachment of ships in the squadron of Admiral D. N. Seniavin during the taking of the islands of Tenedos and Limnos in the battles of Mount Athos and the Dardanelles (1807). In 1812 he served under Admiral P. V. Chichagov, the commander of the Moldavian Army. In 1813 he imposed the naval blockade of Danzig. From 1816 to 1833 he was chief commander of the Black Sea Fleet and military governor of Nikolaev and Sevastopol’; he did much to strengthen the fighting capacity of the fleet. In the Russo-Turkish War of 1828–29, the fleet under Greig’s command effectively dealt with the enemy’s communication lines and performed successfully in the taking of Anapa and Varna. Greig became a member of the Council of State in 1833 and during 1834–39 headed the committee for the construction of Pulkovo Observatory.