Grenadiers


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Grenadiers

 

an arm of infantry in European armies from the 17th to the 20th century. The name “grenadier” was first applied to grenade-throwing soldiers, who appeared during the Thirty Years War (1618–48). By the end of the 17th century grenadier companies were formed in all European armies (first in France in the 1670’s). Grenadiers were designated for action at the head of assault columns and on flanks. At the beginning of the 18th century, detached grenadier units appeared. By the end of the 18th century grenadiers turned into select troops that did not differ from the rest of the infantry in armament or nature of operations. Horse grenadiers, who performed the same tasks as the grenadiers in infantry, were in limited use.

In Russia, grenadier companies are mentioned for the first time in 1694 in detached regiments. In 1704 they were introduced in all infantry and cavalry regiments. In 1708 the first grenadier regiments were formed; from four to 20 were in existence from 1708 to 1725 and from 1756 to 1917. In 1811 they were brought together into two divisions, and in 1814 the Grenadier Corps, consisting of three divisions, was formed. From one to six horse grenadier regiments existed from 1709 to 1725, from 1756 to 1763, and from 1790 to 1793. In 1831 the Dragoon Life Guards Regiment was renamed the Horse Grenadier Regiment. In the guards at the beginning of the 20th century the following grenadier units existed: one cavalry regiment, one infantry regiment, and one company (palace grenadiers); in the army there were 16 infantry regiments (brought together into four divisions), four artillery brigades, one artillery battalion, and one sapper battalion. The First and Second Grenadier divisions belonged to the Grenadier Corps. Grenadiers had several differences in uniform (a picture of a burning grenade on headgear, buttons, cartridges for separate ammunition, and buckles). They have been preserved in the British guards (one regiment); in the West Germany Army motorized riflemen are called Panzer grenadiers.

References in classic literature ?
And the grenadier of the guard urged the horses over men and bivouacs with bloody wheels and a double line of corpses on either side of them.
that or the cold, that or the cannon," said the grenadier, prodding the horses, and urging them on.
"I expected it," cried the imperturbable grenadier. "Ho!
As for the major and the grenadier, they found their safety in their strength.
Then the major and the grenadier, the general and his wife, remained almost alone on the river bank, a few steps from the spot where the bridge had been.
I'll sweep you into the water if you don't take the major and his two companions," cried the stalwart grenadier, who swung his sabre, stopped the departure, and forced the men to stand closer in spite of furious outcries.
Though they were uttering awful groans and imprecations, they dared not resist the grenadier, for in truth they were so closely packed together, that a push to one man might send half of them overboard.
I don't care a fig for life," cried the grenadier. "I've neither wife nor child nor mother."
Summary: Kargil (Jammu and Kashmir) [India], July 07 (ANI): To commemorate the victory in the Battle of Tiger Hill during the Kargil War, a trekking expedition was undertaken by 18 Grenadiers battalion of Indian Army.
The Scots Guards can be recognised by the fact that they do not have a plume because in traditional battlefield formation they were positioned between the Grenadiers and the Coldstream's.
Ineos Automotive believes it can sell up to 30,000 Grenadiers each year, with many being used in places such as Africa and Australia.
Tenders are invited for Request for complete bullet proofing of 2 x truck 2.5 ton tata (ba no 17c-104647a and 17c-104650a) of 55 rr (grenadiers)