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Grenoble(grənô`blə), city (1990 pop. 153,973), capital of Isère dept., SE France, at the foot of the Alps on the Isère River at the confluence of Drac River. It is the hydroelectric center of France and has an important nuclear-research center. Metals, electrical equipment, chemicals, and food products are the chief manufactures. An ancient city of the AllobrogesAllobroges
, Celtic tribe in Gaul, inhabiting later Dauphiné and Savoy. They were conquered (121 B.C.) by Quintus Fabius Maximus, who was called Allobrogicus in commemoration of the victory. In the time of Julius Caesar they sided with Rome.
..... Click the link for more information. and a Roman city, Grenoble came under the Burgundians (5th cent.), the Franks (6th cent.), and the kingdom of Provence (9th–11th cent.). When that kingdom broke up, Grenoble became a possession of the dauphins of Viennois; DauphinéDauphiné
, region and former province, SE France, bordering on Italy. It is now divided into three departments, Haute-Alpes, Isère, and Drôme. In the east the Alps culminate in the Barre des Écrins; their magnificent scenery attracts many tourists.
..... Click the link for more information. along with its capital, Grenoble, passed to the French crown in 1349. The parlement of Grenoble was strongly anti-Royalist during the French RevolutionFrench Revolution,
political upheaval of world importance in France that began in 1789. Origins of the Revolution
Historians disagree in evaluating the factors that brought about the Revolution.
..... Click the link for more information. . In Grenoble are a famous university (founded 1339); the Cathedral of Notre Dame (12–13th cent.); the Church of St. André (13th–14th cent.), which contains the tomb of the military hero Pierre BayardBayard, Pierre Terrail, seigneur de
, c.1474–1524, French military hero, called le chevalier sans peur et sans reproche [the knight without fear or reproach].
..... Click the link for more information. ; the Renaissance palace of the dauphins (now the courthouse); and art and archaeological museums. Another museum is devoted to StendhalStendhal
, pseud. of Marie Henri Beyle
, 1783–1842, French writer, recognized as one of the great French novelists.
He grew up in Grenoble hating his father and the Jesuit, Royalist atmosphere in his home, and he went to Paris at his earliest opportunity.
..... Click the link for more information. , who was born in Grenoble. Near the city is the Grande ChartreuseChartreuse, Grande
, mountainous massif, Isère dept., SE France, in the Dauphiné Alps; Chamechaude Peak (6,847 ft/2,087 m) is the highest point. There in a high valley St.
..... Click the link for more information. , a monastery founded in 1084. Grenoble is a noted tourist and skiing center and was the site of the 1968 winter Olympics.
a city in southeastern France, in the province of Dauphiné. It is picturesquely situated in the valley of the Isère River, near its juncture with the Drac River; it is surrounded by mountains. Administrative center of the department of Isère. Population, 162,000 (1968). Grenoble is an important transportation center and has electrotechnical, chemical, paper, food, and glove industries. There are large hydroelectric stations near the city. Grenoble has a university and an institute for nuclear research. It is a center for mountaineering and winter sports. The X Winter Olympic Games took place in Grenoble in 1968.
Fort Rabeau (15th century) is situated on the hill above the right bank of the Isère. The narrow streets of the old quarter of the city, rich with architectural monuments, lie next to broad highways and spectacular buildings of the mid-20th century. Some of Grenoble’s ancient monuments are the crypt of Saint Laurent (late eighth century), the Cathedral of Notre Dame (llth-13th centuries), the Church of Saint André (13th century), the Palace of Justice (15th and 16th centuries), and the town hall (16th century). Modern points of interest in Grenoble include the New Town Hall (architect, M. Novarin), the Palace of Exhibitions (architects, C. and J. Pruvé), the Palace of Culture (architect, A. Wogenscky), and residential areas interesting for architectural and spatial reasons. The Ice Palace (designed by R. Demartini and P. Junillon) and the Olympic village (designed by M. Novarina) were built for the Winter Olympic Games of 1968. The Museum of Fine Arts and the Stendhal Museum are located in Grenoble.