André Ernest Modeste Grétry

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Grétry, André Ernest Modeste

 

Born Feb. 8 or 11, 1741, at Liège; died Sept. 24, 1813, in Montmorency, near Paris. French composer. Of Belgian descent. Member of the Institute of France (1795).

Grétry studied music with his father, the violinist François Grétry.and with other musicians of Liège. Between 1759 and 1766 he completed his education in Italy (in 1765, he passed the examination at the Bologna Music Academy). He moved to Paris in 1767. He became an inspector at the Paris Conservatory at the time of its founding (1795).

Grétry’s work, which developed under the influence of the aesthetics of the Encyclopedists, especially J. J. Rousseau, represents a significant stage in the history of French 18th-century comic opera, and prepared the way for French 19th-century lyric opera. Grétry composed about 60 operas (the librettos of many were written by J. F. Marmontel and M. J. Sedaine). including Huron (1768), Lucile (1769). and The Samnite Weddings (2nd ed., 1776). One of Grétry’s popular operas, Richard the Lion-Hearted (1784). anticipates many features of the “salvation opera” genre. He composed operas on national-patriotic and revolutionary themes—Peter the Great (1790), Guillaume Tell (1791), and The Festival of Reason, or the Republic’s Chosen One (1794)—as well as instrumental works (symphonies, quartets, and so on). He wrote several works about music. His Memoirs are a clear example of French sentimentalist aesthetics.

WORKS

Mémoires, ou Essais sur la musique, vols. 1–3. Paris, 1796–97.
In Russian translation:
Memuary, ili Ocherki o muzyke, vol. I. Moscow-Leningrad, 1939.

REFERENCES

Rolland, R. Sobranie muzykal’no-istoricheskikh sochinenii, vol. 4: Muzykanty proshlykh dnei. Moscow, 1938. (Translated from French.)
Levasheva, O. “Opernaia estetika Gretri.” In Klasskheskoe iskusstvo za rubezhom. Moscow, 1966.
Bobillier, M. Grétry, sa vie et ses oeuvres, par M. Brenet {Marie Bobillier). . .. Paris, 1884.
Wichmann, H. Grétry und das musikalische Theater in Frankreich. Halle, 1929.
Degey, M. A. M. Grétry. [Brussels. 1939.]
Marsick, P. L. A. M. Grétry. Brussels. 1944.

S. M. GRISHCHENKO

References in classic literature ?
In the centre of the room was a Roller and Blanchet "baby grand" piano in rosewood, but holding the potentialities of an orchestra in its narrow and sonorous cavity, and groaning beneath the weight of the chefs-d'oeuvre of Beethoven, Weber, Mozart, Haydn, Gretry, and Porpora.
There are important memoirs by Andre Gretry, a leading opera composer who goes on to occupy himself almost entirely with phi losophical reRections; by Lorenzo da Ponte, Mozart's most important librettist; by G.
Michael Street between Max and Boulevard Jacqmain Boulevard,- The Gretry Boulevard Anspach between Rue and Rue des Halles,- Rue du March aux Chickens between Anspach Boulevard and Rue des Halles,- Rue Devaux,- The Rue Van Praet,- The Stones Street between Boulevard Anspach and rue du Midi,- Plattesteen between Boulevard Anspach and Street of the Dyers,- Place Fontainas,- The redevelopment of the Place de la Bourse and protected perimeter,- The Rue Auguste Orts,- Borgwal between Boulevard Anspach and Rue Saint-Gery.
Roldan, who incorporated African rhythms in an avant-garde/nationalistic style, composed chamber works, two ballets, piano solos, works for orchestra, and some transcriptions of compositions by Brahms, Gretry, Laureano Fuentes Matons, and others.
Como excepcion solo tenemos El cuadro hablador, de Andre-Ernest-Modeste Gretry (38), aunque no se debe descartar que exista alguna otra traduccion.
Some of the composers frequently represented in the first effort include Andre-Ernest-Modeste Gretry (1741-1813), Nicolas-Marie Dalayrac (1753-1809), Pierre Gaveaux (1761-1825), Henri-Montan Berton (1767-1844), Nicolas Isouard (1775-1818), Francois Adrien Boieldieu (1775-1834), Fromental Halevy (1799-1862), and Adolphe Adam (1803-1856).
Gretry, to see his personal art collection, Gretry comments about one painting that up close "it's just a lot of little daubs" (199) but that, from a distance, it comes into focus and makes sense.
An example is the following query: Maurice Frison, avocat, rue van Artevelde 69, Bruxelles soumet a l'analyse du laboratoire de chimie communal une bouteille de vin d'Italie achetee au magasin de vins d'Italie portant l'enseigne "Primitivo", rue Gretry no.
Old Song from Wallonie/Appel by Francis Orval and Andre Gretry, arranged for two horns.
After Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne and Andre-Ernest-Modeste Gretry had declined the offer to provide music for the Couronnement de Tarare, Salieri was asked.
15) The highlight of an evening in April 1861 at the Rothschild salon was Georges Pfeiffer's harpsichord performance of works by Rameau, Gretry, Mozart, and Haydn; in the 1860s the Parisian piano virtuoso Louis Diemer started to include one or two pieces on the harpsichord in his piano recitals; and later, in the 1870s, Camille Saint-Saens gave several lecture-recitals on the harpsichord for the Societe des Compositeurs.