Greuze, Jean Baptiste

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Greuze, Jean Baptiste


Born Aug. 21, 1725. in Tour-nus, Burgundy: died Mar. 21. 1805, in Paris. French painter.

Between 1745 and 1750, Greuze studied in Lyon under C. Grandon; he then went to the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in Paris. In 1755–56 he traveled in Italy. His genre compositions (Village Bride, 1761, Louvre, Paris; The Paralytic, or Fruits of a Good Education. 1763, Hermitage, Leningrad) extolled the virtues of the third estate, with the enthusiastic support of D. Diderot. The cult of sensitivity peculiar to sentimentalism led him to endow his heroes with motivations that manifest themselves in exaggerated pathos. Greuze’s idealization of nature created a cloyingly sweet manner (women’s and children’s heads). His sketches and portraits (The Engraver I. G. Ville, 1763, Jacquemart-André Museum, Paris) are more realistic and true to life.


Mauclair, C. Greuze et son temps. Paris, 1926.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.