Chufarov, Grigorii Ivanovich
Born Nov. 1 (14), 1900, in the settlement of Kasli (since 1942, a city), in what is now Cheliabinsk Oblast. Soviet physical chemist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1953). Member of the CPSU from 1939.
Chufarov graduated from the Urals Polytechnic Institute in 1928. He served as director of the Institute of Chemistry of the Urals Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR from 1939 to 1946 and as rector of the Urals University from 1946 to 1956. In 1956 he began conducting research at the Urals Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. (In 1971 the Urals Branch and two other institutions were combined to form the Urals Scientific Center.)
Chufarov’s principal works are devoted to the physical chemistry of metallurgical processes. He studied the mechanism and kinetics of the dissociation and reduction of metal oxides. He also investigated the etching of metals with acids and the action of inhibitors, and he studied hot tinning, zinc plating, and the decarbonization of ferrosilicon steel.
Chufarov has been awarded two Orders of Lenin, two other orders, and various medals.
WORKS“Adsorbtsionno-kataliticheskaia teoriia vosstanovleniia okislov metallov.” In Problemy metallurgii. Moscow, 1953. (With E. P. Tatievskaia.)
Termodinamika protsessov vosstanovleniia okislov metallov. Moscow, 1970 (Coauthor).