Grigorii Chukhrai

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chukhrai, Grigorii Naumovich


Born May 23, 1921, in Melitopol’. Soviet motion-picture director. People’s Artist of the RSFSR (1969). Member of the CPSU since 1944.

In 1953, Chukhrai graduated from the department of directing of the All-Union State Institute of Cinematography, where he studied under S. I. lutekevich and M. I. Romm. One of the leading directors of the postwar cinema, he has made a number of significant films that have gained popularity throughout the Soviet Union and the world; several of his films have won prizes at international film festivals. His most outstanding works have been The Forty-first (1956, based on the novella by B. A. Lavrenev), Clear Sky (1961), and Memory (1970). Chukhrai’s Ballad of a Soldier (1959) was awarded the Lenin Prize in 1961. From 1966 to 1971, Chukhrai worked at the All-Union State Institute of Cinematography.

Chukhrai has been awarded five orders and several medals.


Bailada o soldate. Moscow, 1960. (With V. I. Ezhov.)


Shneiderman, I. Grigorii Chukhrai. Moscow, 1965.
Zorkaia, N. Portrety. Moscow, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(30) At the same time, the only studio operating on a purely supply-and-demand model was the Experimental Film Studio at Mosfil'm, which Grigorii Chukhrai founded in 1964 and which lasted until 1973.
Soviet criticism had developed a pervasive historical narrative for otechestvennoe kino, which celebrated its aforementioned heroes from the avant-garde, Chapaev, and the Stalinist kitsch of Grigorii Aleksandrov and Ivan Pyr'ev, in addition to the internationally renowned Thaw-era filmmakers--Mikhail Kalatozov, Grigorii Chukhrai, and Andrei Tarkovskii.
(8) For examples, see Grigorii Chukhrai, Moe kino (Moscow: Algoritm, 2002), 142; and Zubkova, Russia after the War, 32.

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