Grillage


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grillage

[grē′yazh]
(civil engineering)
A footing that consists of two or more tiers of closely spaced structural steel beams resting on a concrete block, each tier being at right angles to the one below.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Grillage

 

the part of a pile foundation (beam or slab) that connects the tops of the piles and acts as a support for the erection of structural elements. Grillage is considered to be high if it is located considerably above the ground or water level (for example, in wharf structures for ports); it is considered low when placed near the ground or deep into it (for example, in the foundations of houses and industrial buildings). The preferred materials for grillage are plain and reinforced concrete (prefabricated or cast-in-place); the use of wood and metal is not common. The word “grillage” derives from previously used supporting structures, which were in the form of a grid of wooden beams on which plank flooring was laid.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

grillage

grillage, 2
1. A framework of heavy timbers, steel, or reinforced concrete beams laid longitudinally and crossed by similar members laid upon them to spread a heavy load over a larger area, esp. for use where the ground is not firm.
2. A series of steel beams, bolted together and placed over a footing; used to distribute a concentrated column load over the top of the footing.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Optimum grillage structure design under a worst point load using real-coded micro-genetic algorithm, in Proc.
Des affrontements ont ete enregistres entre les deux galeries et le grillage les separant saccage, ce qui a pousse les Bejaouis a quitter le stade avant meme le debut de la rencontre.
Des centaines d'ouvriers, en colere, ont force, lundi matin, le grillage de protection de la cour d'entree des bureaux de vente, pour empecher, disent-ils les acquereurs potentiels des appartements d'acceder aux bureaux et le personnel de sortir.
The optimal grillage should meet twofold criteria: the number of piles should be minimal, and connecting beams should receive minimal possible torques.
La pose de grillage autour de ces sites, le recours au gardiennage ou la creation d'associations de gestion et d'exploitation de ces plans d'eau sont quelques-unes des dispositions auxquelles pourraient avoir recours, a cet egard, ces organismes pour limiter les risques de noyade, a-t-on signale.
Il s'agit principalement de l'absence d'un tableau d'affichage et de guichets pour la vente des billets, mais surtout un terrain qui n'est pas aux normes puisque le grillage separant les tribunes n'est distant de la pelouse que de deux metres, ce qui represente un danger pour les joueurs.