Grimes Graves


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Grimes Graves

 

Neolithic flint mines near the town of Brandon in eastern England. They have been under investigation since 1914 by A. L. Armstrong and other British archaeologists. About 250 mines have been discovered— funnel-shaped pits as much as 12–13 m deep, sometimes with steps chiseled in the chalk bed. Low galleries radiated from the steps at the level of the main stratum of flint. Spades made of deer antlers have been found as well as stone picks, hoes, and primitive lamps. Occasionally religious objects have been found: a stone female figurine and phallic symbols, among others. Petroglyphs have been preserved on the walls of the galleries. The exploitation of flint in Grimes Graves was begun in the Neolithic and continued until the early and middle Bronze Age (the third and second millennia B.C.).

REFERENCES

Clark, G. Doistoricheskaia Evropa. Moscow, 1953. (Translated from English.)
Piggott, S. The Neolithic Cultures of the British Isles. Cambridge, 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
The North Group: Baconsthorpe Castle, Castle Acre Castle, Castle Acre Priory, Thetford Priory, Thetford Warren Lodge, Thetford Holy Sepulchre, Grimes Graves, Weeting Castle, Berney Arms Mill, Framlingham Castle, Orford Castle, Landguard Fort, Saxstead Post Mill, St Olaves Priory.
Excavations at Grimes Graves Norfolk, 1972-1976: Fascicule 6; exploration and excavation beyond the deep mines.
This is the last in the series of archaeologistsE reports on the British Museum's excavation of the flint mine area and the artifacts found from the Late Neolithic flint and stone industries located at Grimes Graves, Norfolk, one of the largest Neolithic flint mine complexes in Europe.
You could visit any of 154 heritage sites from Grimes Graves - a Neolithic flint mine - to Framlingham Castle, home to Mary Tudor before she became queen.
Clark and Piggott, in their 1933 investigation of Grimes Graves, compared lithic analyses with the results of studies of pottery, mollusca and fauna, finding that all evidence favoured a Neolithic date, a type of reasoning characteristic of Critical Realism.
From that moment onwards, the statuette appeared in works upon the New Stone Age in general and Grimes Graves in particular, interpreted as a deity.
An investigation into the matter was carried out by Gillian Varndell, as part of a general reappraisal of the Grimes Graves material, and in 1991 she reported the following points: the excavation was never published; Armstrong's site notebook stopped abruptly on the day of the vital discovery, without recording it properly; on the day of the find, most unusually, he had directed all other experienced excavators to leave the site; the figurine and vessel look suspiciously freshly-carved; and somebody on Armstrong's team was an expert carver, because similar objects made from the same chalk rock, like an Egyptian sphinx, were among his possessions from the dig (Varndell 1991: 103-6).