The glacier rises to more than 2,000 metres at its highest point and is the location of many eruptions, most notably Grimsvotn
, Iceland's most active volcano of recent years.
Three volcanoes lie under the Vatnajokull glacier - Oraefajokull, Bardarbunga and Grimsvotn
Bonnardot, 2007: Comparison of VAAC atmospheric dispersion models using the 1 November 2004 Grimsvotn
, Iceland's most active sub-glacial volcano erupted causing the country to shut its airspace temporarily for about five days with around 100,000 flights cancelled as it was feared that the ash from the volcanoes could harm jet engines.
On May 22 last year, Iceland closed its main international airport and cancelled domestic flights after its most active volcano, Grimsvotn
, began erupting.
Another Icelandic volcano Grimsvotn
tried to do the same in May 2011, but this time the Nature did not succeed in the formation of a suitable wind pattern and the airports suffered only in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
in April, and the eruption of Iceland's Grimsvotn
volcano in May halted air traffic.
We are not in a critical situation like with the Icelandic volcano Grimsvotn
, which concerned a very busy air traffic zone, because the traffic is much less important" in east Africa.
3 mln passengers flew from its UK airports in May, with the Grimsvotn
volcano eruption in Iceland having only a marginal impact on traffic.
The difference was that the ash from Grimsvotn
was much denser and fell to the ground quicker.
Ironically, given the recent fall-out from Iceland's Grimsvotn
volcano, the show has been inspired by the artists' travels to the volcanic regions of the Galapagos Islands and Ecuador.
The airline is hoping to try out its ash detection system -- called the Airborne Volcanic Object Identifier and Detector (AVOID) -- by flying a test aircraft through ash blasted into the atmosphere from the Grimsvotn
volcano on Iceland that erupted on Saturday, disrupting hundreds of commercial flights.