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Related to Groats: Buckwheat groats
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a food product that consists of whole or ground grains of various crops. Most groats are made from grains of rice, millet, and buckwheat; some are made from oats, corn, wheat, and peas. Groats are less frequently made from sorghum, green foxtail, and lentils; however, groats from these plants are the basic or most important dietary products in several countries of Africa and East Asia. Sago, which is obtained from the heart-wood of the trunks of certain palms, and artificial sago, which is derived from starch, are also used as groats.

In the USSR, groats are produced from various types of grains: from buckwheat (steamed and unsteamed whole buck-wheat and ground buckwheat), from grains of rice (white, polished, and broken rice), from oats (oat flour, whole steamed oats, rolled oats, and oat flakes), from peas (shelled peas, whole or split polished peas, and semolina-like crushed peas), from millet (husked polished millet), from barley (pearl barley, hulled barley), from wheat (Poltava and Artek polished hard wheat and semolina’the latter is made by grinding common wheat, a mixture of hard [20 percent] and common wheat, or only a hard wheat), and from corn (polished corn, corn flakes, and corn sticks). Ready-to-eat puffed wheat, puffed rice, and popcorn are also produced from the grains of wheat, rice, and corn.

Groats are high in nutritional value. Because the grains are hulled, the groats are easily assimilated, nutritious, highly caloric, and tasty. All groats contain a great amount of carbohydrates. The most nutritious groats are those made of buckwheat, rice, legumes, and oats. Their proteins include the largest quantity of essential amino acids. To increase their nutritional value, groats are enriched with proteins (dry skim milk), vitamins, and trace elements. According to physiologically substantiated nutritional requirements, it is recommended that a person consume an average of 14—15 kg of various types of groats annually. They are particularly important in the diets of children and ill persons. Groats are used principally as kasha or in the preparation of soups and food concentrates. In some countries, groats are used as bread substitutes (for example, rice in India, China, and Japan).


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The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"But congratulations to Wick Groats, they are a quality football team."
The John o' Groats Trail passes through a variety of landscapes and includes many natural highlights such as waterfalls, natural harbours and sand dunes.
"The boys felt that making the journey from John o' Groats to Land's End would be a powerful message to say 'We're the ones living with this condition and we're going to do this to raise awareness and funds for research'."
Terry Chard will be cycling from Lands End to John O''Groats on his handbike
Visitors can redeem their Exmoor Groats against a variety of offers such as 20% off a stay at Higher Riscombe Farm, Exford; a free bottle of wine with a meal for two at Holworthy Farm, Brompton Regis, and 10% off a fly-fishing lesson with John Dawson or an Exmoor Safari booked at the White Horse Inn, Exford.
You could also purchase oat groats, which are oats with the indigestible outer hull removed.
Steel-cut oats: groats cut into a few pieces to speed cooking time; also called Scottish or Irish oats.
The second instance comes down to the same thing: A money changer for profit gives Peter in Milan the hundred ducats he needs and receives from the same Peter a month from now their value in Venice according to the money-changing rate of ten pounds of groats that are normally equal to one hundred ducats, however, in the process of exchanging in Venice the value of the money is up at one time and down at another.
To determine how groats from hulled cultivars compared with naked oat, samples of AC Assiniboia and Morton from these same experimental plots were dehulled and their size distributions determined by digital image analysis.
By early Friday morning the map from John O' Groats to Land's End had been assigned its political colours.
'' Mrs Tomlinson raised more than pounds 100,000 for charity during a bicycle ride from John o' Groats to Land's End in April before taking on the London Marathon a day later.
Oat groats have the highest lipid concentration (about 6.5%) of any cereal grain.