J, Bullock SH, Perez-Jimenez A (1996) Aspects of the population biology of the gregarious tree Cordia elaeagnoides in Mexican tropical deciduous for e s t .
The variation in population growth rates among our study sites was relatively small, compared to other studies of herbs (Werner and Caswell 1977, 0.0-2.60; Bierzychudek 1982, 0.85-1.32; Fiedler 1987, 0.96-1.39; Moloney 1988, 0.60-1.43; van Groenendael
and Slim 1988, 1.03-1.93; Menges 1990, 0.64-1.81; Silva et al.
cites a month-long performance in Kediri in 1869 to exorcise smallpox.
, and two anonymous reviewers for comments on the manuscript, and to the Swedish Natural Science Research Council for financial support.
It has been suggested that the development of a complex rhizome system requires a substantial investment and with this comes a considerable measurable risk (de Kroon and van Groenendael
. 1999 Population genetics, molecular markers and the study of dispersal in plants.
The shift of focus has been gradual; for example, Clara van Groenendael
's study of wayang and Judith Becker's study of gamelan, both published in the 1980s (though Becker's book is based on her 1972 dissertation), show interest in historical change and, to some extent, individual artists (especially in Becker).
In general, a clonal plant is one that naturally produces independent offspring by means of vegetative growth (Peterson & Jones, 1997; van Groenendael
et al., 1997).
For perennials, ecotypic variation in reproductive schedules, growth, and longevity has been documented in Plantago lanceolata (van Groenendael
1985) and Daucus carota (Lacey 1988).
Clara van Groenendael
, Jaranan; The horse dance and trance in East Java (2008).
Misbahul Amri's description of wayang Mbah Gandrung, a ritual form using flat wooden puppets (wayang klithik) from Pagung, East lava, followed by Clara van Groenendael
's photographic essay on the same genre; and Brita Heimarck's consideration of changes in Balinese wayang kulit, with focus on the music.
The introductory paper by de Kroon, van Groenendael
, and Ehrlen reviews the basic mathematical properties of elasticities.