Groener, Wilhelm

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Groener, Wilhelm


Born Nov. 22. 1867, in Ludwigsburg; died Sept. 4. 1939, in Bornstedt (Potsdam). German military figure and writer. Lieutenant general (1916).

In 1884, Groener joined the Württemberg army. In 1912 he became the head of the railroad department of the General Staff, and during World War I he was the head of the railroad field administration. In 1916 and 1917 he directed the administration of military industry and was deputy minister of war. In August 1917 he began commanding a division and a corps on the western and then on the eastern front. In March 1918 he became chief of staff of General G. Eichhorn’s Kiev Group of Armies. From October 1918 to June 1919 he was first quartermaster general, replacing General E. Ludendorff in that post, and he led the retreat of the German army and then the fight against the revolutionary movement. He resigned in protest of the Treaty of Versailles. From 1920 to 1923 he was minister of transportation and from 1928 to 1932 he was minister of the Reichswehr. Then he retired. In his works he greatly praised General A. Schlieffen and especially his plan for war against France.


Der Weltkrieg und seine Probleme. Berlin. 1920.
Der Feldherr wider Willen. Berlin. 1930.
In Russian translation:
Zaveshchanie Shliffena. Moscow, 1937.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Groener, Wilhelm, Der Feldherr wider Willen: operative Studien uber den Weltkrieg.
Groener, Wilhelm, The Testament of Count Schlieffen.