Gronlund, Laurence

Gronlund, Laurence

(grŏn`lənd), 1846–99, American Socialist, b. Denmark, educated at the Univ. of Copenhagen. He emigrated to the United States in 1867 and became a lawyer in Chicago. His Cooperative Commonwealth (1884), the first adequate exposition in the English language of German socialism, went through many editions and was influential both in the United States and in England. He wrote Our Destiny (1891), The New Economy (1898), Socializing a State (1898), and a number of pamphlets against the single-tax doctrines of Henry GeorgeGeorge, Henry,
1839–97, American economist, founder of the single tax movement, b. Philadelphia. Of a poor family, his formal education was cut short at 14, and in 1857 he emigrated to California; there he worked at various occupations before turning to newspaper writing
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. He lectured in all parts of the country and, for a time, was an executive of the Socialist Labor party.
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Gronlund, Laurence

(1846–99) lawyer, author, lecturer; born in Denmark. Emigrating to America (1867), he practiced law for a number of years. Originally influenced by Pascal, he turned Socialist and wrote the widely-read Cooperative Commonwealth (1884), a blend of Marxism and Christian idealism that called for the end of capitalism. Lecturing throughout the country on this theme, he edited a socialist paper, briefly held a position with the Labor Department, and then returned to lecturing and publishing. He was elected to the executive committee of the Socialist Labor Party (1888), and in the final year of his life he was on the staff of the New York Journal, in charge of labor news.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.