Gropius


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Gropius

Walter. 1883--1969, US architect, designer, and teacher, born in Germany. He founded (1919) and directed (1919--28) the Bauhaus in Germany. His influence stemmed from his adaptation of architecture to modern social needs and his pioneering use of industrial materials, such as concrete and steel. His buildings include the Fagus factory at Alfeld (1911) and the Bauhaus at Dessau (1926)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
MacCarthy sees her task as putting living flesh on the biscuity bones of Herr Meister Gropius, too often seen as the archetypal humourless Teuton.
(https://bauhausmanifesto.com/) In a 1919 manifesto, Gropius explained he wanted artisans who created objects that were both beautiful and useful and, with that mission, aimed to set up an art school that "must return to the workshop." With that goal, he hired faculty members like painters Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee, photographer and sculptor Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, graphic designer Herbert Bayer, industrial designer Marianne Brandt, and Marcel Breuer, who consciously steered away from ornamentation and instead focused on ways to combine minimalism with 20th century mass production techniques. Gropius' motto was "form follows function."
After the war, Gropius replaced Henry van de Velde as director of the "Grand Ducal Saxon College of Fine Arts" and seized an opportunity: He created the most modern and controversial art school of the 1920s - the "Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar" (State Bauhaus in Weimar).
Robin Schuldenfrei, in a 2013 essay, points to Walter Gropius's use of Lucia's negatives without crediting her as the author, for years after the Bauhaus ceased to exist, as a primary factor in Lucia's late recognition.
Ever the idealist, Gropius also articulated the model of the Bauhaus student.
Gropius' vision was to make artists familiar with science and economics so as "to unite creative imagination with a practical knowledge of craftsmanship, and thus to develop a new sense of functional design".
Gropius had trained with Peter Behrens, the pioneer of utilitarian and industrial design, and Gropius' own early work also included factory design--the essence of utilitarian architecture.
Walter Gropius (1883 Berlin, Germany - 1969 Massachusetts) The ultimate goal of all art is the building!
In Spring 2011, Jo was invited to participate in the "Walter Gropius Master Artist Series" at the Huntington Museum of Art for which she delivered a public lecture, led a workshop, and exhibited three assemblages and a site specific installation entitled Outside In.
Alma Mahler Gropius Werfel, you gave up your burgeoning