Gros Ventre


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Gros Ventre

(grō văN`trə) [Fr.,=big belly], name used by the French for two quite distinct Native North American groups. One was the Atsina, a detached band of the ArapahoArapaho
, Native North Americans of the Plains whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages).
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, whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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); the other was the HidatsaHidatsa
, Native North Americans, also known as the Minitari and the Gros Ventre. Their language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages).
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, whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock. The Native American sign language designated the two groups by somewhat similar gestures on the torso, one referring to the Hidatsa chest tattoos and the other, designating the Atsina, conveying the meaning of hunger. In the 18th cent. the Atsina roamed the plains between the Missouri and the Saskatchewan rivers under the protection of the powerful Blackfoot to the west. Today the Atsina live with the Assiniboin on the Fort Belknap Reservation in Montana, established in 1888. There were some 2,800 Atsina in the United States in 1990.

Bibliography

See R. Flannery, The Gros Ventres of Montana (2 vol., 1953–57).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The East Gros Ventre Butte, about one mile from downtown Jackson, a popular international ski destination and gateway to Grand Teton and Yellowstone national parks, was slumping at a rate of as much as a foot a day from the previous rate of about four inches, authorities said.
(71) Headdress recalled that back in the 1850s, when he was a small boy, his parents from the Gros Ventre country made trips to Fort Union to trade.
The area covers the Gros Ventre, Buffalo Fork, and Upper Snake River drainages in Teton County.
In 1996, the Fort Belknap Indian Community and the state of Montana signed an agreement to give the Gros Ventre and Assiniboine Tribes at the Reservation control over its black-footed reintroduction program.
A prime example of bison ecosystem restoration is underway on the lands of another ITBC member, the Fort Belknap Reservation of the Assiniboine and Gros Ventre tribes in northcentral Montana.
Also, one ethnological tribe can be divided into separate legal tribes, e.g., the Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes at Fort Peck and the Gros Ventre and Assiniboine Tribes at Fort Belknap.
Welch, a Native American, was born in Montana, on his father's side a Blackfoot, on his mother's side Gros Ventre. He attended reservation schools and received a degree from the University of Montana.
$861 A'aninin (Gros Ventre) Beaded Hide Moccasins, thread-sewn and colorfully beaded using blues, red, yellow, green, and plum; faceted metal beads sparkle on vamps and around cuffs, length 10.5 in.
But then, Jackson is virtually surrounded by mountains -- the Teton Range to the west and the Gros Ventre Range to the east -- so it's hard to avoid having a spectacular view.
Il resulte de ce deficit une anemie chronique severe entraEnant des deformations faciales (facies mongoloide), un nanisme, un gros ventre, a cause d'un gros foie et d'une volumineuse rate).
Two tribal members, Fred Gone and Mark "Rex" Flying, from the Gros Ventre and Assiniboine communities respectively, began collecting historical narratives and traditional stories from tribal elders for the Montana Writers' Program.