Grouchy, Emmanuel, marquis de

Grouchy, Emmanuel, marquis de

(ĕmänüĕl` märkē` də gro͞oshē`), 1766–1847, French general in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars. He was made a marshal after Napoleon's return from Elba during the Hundred Days. His questionable tactical decisions—his failure to prevent the Prussians from joining the English—are often thought to be largely responsible for Napoleon's defeat in the Waterloo campaignWaterloo campaign,
last action of the Napoleonic Wars, ending with the battle of Waterloo. Napoleon I, who escaped from Elba in Feb., 1815, and entered Paris on Mar. 20, soon faced a European coalition.
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