Ground Beetles

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Related to Ground Beetles: Rove beetles

Ground Beetles


(Carabidae), a family of beetles. Ground beetles vary in size (2–8 cm). Many have anal glands that secrete a caustic fluid. The elytra usually cover the entire abdomen; sometimes they grow together, in which case the wings are absent or underdeveloped. The larvae are elongated, mobile, and often black and shiny; most are predaceous and some are herbivorous. Pupation takes place in soil.

Ground beetles eat mostly mollusks, insect larvae, and sometimes earthworms. Some species are herbivorous and are capable of injuring grains (grain and millet beetles and other species of the genera Zabrus, Amara, and Harpalus). They are usually active at night, hiding during the day under stones or fallen leaves. There are approximately 20,000 species, widely distributed all over the world but mainly in the temperate zone and most of all in Europe and Asia. There are more than 2,300 species in the USSR. Some species of the genera Carabus and Calosoma, particularly the European ground beetle, are very useful in forestry and orchard growing because they destroy gypsy moth caterpillars, cutworms, and slugs.


Kryzhanovskii, O. L. Zhuki-zhuzhelitsy roda Carabus Srednei Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1953.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.


References in periodicals archive ?
Nomina Carabidarum- A directory of scientific names of the ground beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera "Geadephaga": Trachypachidae and Carabidae incl.
However, terpenes have not been reported from ground beetles," said Attygalle, a professor of Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry, Chemical Biology and Biomedical Engineering.
Arboreality and morphological evolution in ground beetles (Carabidae: Harpalinae): testing the taxon pulse model.
In 2007 and 2008, ground beetles were surveyed in first yr commercial organic (n = 3) and conventional potato fields (n = 4) in the Boardman and Hermiston area located east of the Cascade Mountains in Oregon (Fig.
Ellsbury collected 20,000 ground beetles this past growing season--as many as 5,000 in 48-hours--representing 60 different species.
The occurrence and importance of ground beetles in agricultural and surrounding habitats, p.
Other important beetles were ground beetles (Carabidae) ranging from 3.
The objectives of this study were to survey populations of ants and spiders at the interface of forest fragments and cropped fields in order to identify dominant species, to analyze and characterize the ant and spider fauna through various indices, and to evaluate the occurrence of adverse interspecific interactions between ants, spider and staphylinid ground beetles.
Pleasant does mention minute pirate bugs, ground beetles and spiders but none of them depend on nectar and pollen to survive so they are in the background of her story.
The metallic Florida tiger beetle (Tetracha floridensis Leng & Mutchler) only attacked larvae in greens but tiger beetles and ground beetles were the collected on every survey date and during the predation experiment (Tables 1 and 2).
Ground beetles (Coleoptera) are large, often black, shiny beetles that frequently are encountered beneath mulch.
Ground beetles (Carabidae) and rove beetles (Staphylinidae) include important ground dwelling predator species that can contribute to the natural control of pests, and are strongly influenced by environmental conditions (Pfiffner & Luka 2000; Holland 2002).