Group Theatre

(redirected from Group Theater)

Group Theatre,

organization formed in New York City in 1931 by Harold ClurmanClurman, Harold
, 1901–80, American director, manager, critic, and author, b. New York City. In his early years he acted in minor roles, becoming associated with New York's Group Theatre as founder and managing director in 1931.
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, Cheryl Crawford, and Lee StrasbergStrasberg, Lee
, 1901–82, American theatrical director, teacher, and actor, b. Budzanów, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now Budaniv, Ukraine) as Israel Strassberg. Strasberg immigrated to New York City in 1909. He was a cofounder in 1931 of the Group Theatre.
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. Its founders, who had worked earlier with the Provincetown PlayersProvincetown Players,
American theatrical company that first introduced the plays of Eugene O'Neill. The company opened with his Bound East for Cardiff at the Wharf Theatre, Provincetown, on Cape Cod in 1916 and later worked in New York City in conjunction with the
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, wished to revive and redefine American theater by establishing a permanent company to present contemporary plays of social significance and by developing the theaterical arts, in particular, that of acting. Under Strasberg's tutelage, the actors explored the interior techniques based on StanislavskyStanislavsky, Constantin
, 1863–1938, Russian theatrical director, teacher, and actor, whose original name was Constantin Sergeyevich Alekseyev. He was cofounder with Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko of the Moscow Art Theater in 1898, which he would remain associated with for
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's teachings that evolved into the American Method style of acting. Although never financially secure, the group was recognized as a vital theatrical force. It was at its height between 1935 and 1937, when it produced Awake and Sing, Waiting for Lefty, and Golden Boy, all by Clifford OdetsOdets, Clifford
, 1906–63, American dramatist, b. Philadelphia. After graduating from high school he became an actor and in 1931 joined the Group Theatre. Turning his attention from acting to playwriting, Odets soon came to be regarded as the most gifted of the American
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. In 1937, Clurman became sole director. Although the group disbanded in 1941, its influence was great; many of its members became prominent actors, teachers, and directors.


See H. Clurman, The Fervent Years (1945).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Her works have been produced by The Playwrights Theatre of Pittsburgh, Open Stage April, the New Group Theater, North Carolina School for the Arts, and Barebones Productions.
Art group Theater Wallay and Rung School of Art and Music joined hands in February this year to bring an exciting opportunity for those aspirants who were keen to improve their acting skills.
For even more options, the community's Activities Department arranges group theater trips, museum visits and dinner, golf and other sports outings.
In a message of condolence, Group Theater Federation Chairman Liaqat Ali Lucky, its secretary general Kamal Baizid, presidium member and central committee members expressed deep shock at the death of Tazin.
After graduation, he joined the experimental Group Theater in New York, and in 1941 he started directing plays when the Group Theater was disbanded.
Touring Broadway musical group Theater League will perform this Tony Award-winning contemporary take on "Cinderella." From the creators of "The Sound of Music" and "South Pacific," "Rodgers + Hammerstein's Cinderella" features an orchestra and classic songs from the fairy tale "In My Own Little Corner," "Impossible/It's Possible" and "Ten Minutes Ago."
Whereas there's a feeling in New York that a certain nobility exists in simply being part of a sweaty-handed struggle; it's a feeling that you are part of a long, dynamic history of the arts --from John Barrymore to the Group Theater to "Hamilton."
The performance is given by the German theatre group Theater Krefeld Monchengladbach and is translated by Peter Stein and directed by Matthias Gehrt.
She also studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts and was the first teenager admitted into The Barrow Group Theater Company's acting programme.
The Outer Critics also hailed Off-Broadway musical Queen of the Mist, commissioned by the Transport Group Theater Company from Michael John LaChiusa, and--along with the Drama League--picked Broadway's Death of a Salesman as well as Follies, which traveled from the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C., as standout revivals.
Many thousands braved bad weather to see a spectacular show by the Belgian group Theater Toll.
Their influences are a who's who of independent theatre notables, like left-leaning playwrights George Bernard Shaw and Bertolt Brecht, along with Clifford Odets and the Group Theater of 1930s New York, and Dario Fo's Italian theatrical collectives.