Group Theatre

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Group Theatre,

organization formed in New York City in 1931 by Harold ClurmanClurman, Harold
, 1901–80, American director, manager, critic, and author, b. New York City. In his early years he acted in minor roles, becoming associated with New York's Group Theatre as founder and managing director in 1931.
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, Cheryl Crawford, and Lee StrasbergStrasberg, Lee
, 1901–82, American theatrical director, teacher, and actor, b. Budzanów, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now Budaniv, Ukraine) as Israel Strassberg. Strasberg immigrated to New York City in 1909. He was a cofounder in 1931 of the Group Theatre.
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. Its founders, who had worked earlier with the Provincetown PlayersProvincetown Players,
American theatrical company that first introduced the plays of Eugene O'Neill. The company opened with his Bound East for Cardiff at the Wharf Theatre, Provincetown, on Cape Cod in 1916 and later worked in New York City in conjunction with the
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, wished to revive and redefine American theater by establishing a permanent company to present contemporary plays of social significance and by developing the theaterical arts, in particular, that of acting. Under Strasberg's tutelage, the actors explored the interior techniques based on StanislavskyStanislavsky, Constantin
, 1863–1938, Russian theatrical director, teacher, and actor, whose original name was Constantin Sergeyevich Alekseyev. He was cofounder with Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko of the Moscow Art Theater in 1898, which he would remain associated with for
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's teachings that evolved into the American Method style of acting. Although never financially secure, the group was recognized as a vital theatrical force. It was at its height between 1935 and 1937, when it produced Awake and Sing, Waiting for Lefty, and Golden Boy, all by Clifford OdetsOdets, Clifford
, 1906–63, American dramatist, b. Philadelphia. After graduating from high school he became an actor and in 1931 joined the Group Theatre. Turning his attention from acting to playwriting, Odets soon came to be regarded as the most gifted of the American
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. In 1937, Clurman became sole director. Although the group disbanded in 1941, its influence was great; many of its members became prominent actors, teachers, and directors.


See H. Clurman, The Fervent Years (1945).

References in periodicals archive ?
After graduation, he joined the experimental Group Theater in New York, and in 1941 he started directing plays when the Group Theater was disbanded.
She also studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts and was the first teenager admitted into The Barrow Group Theater Company's acting programme.
The Outer Critics also hailed Off-Broadway musical Queen of the Mist, commissioned by the Transport Group Theater Company from Michael John LaChiusa, and--along with the Drama League--picked Broadway's Death of a Salesman as well as Follies, which traveled from the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.
Many thousands braved bad weather to see a spectacular show by the Belgian group Theater Toll.
Internationally acclaimed German group Theater Titanick will perform to an audience of 800 in a grandstand erected on the shore, every night at 9.
Phillips also worked as a press representative for the Theater Guild and Group Theater, among other companies.
Individual entries may include information on the following subtopics as they pertain to Indian theater: architecture, bibliographies, children's theater, cinema, cross-references, dance, dates, group theater, groups and companies, historical drama, interculturalism, martial arts, masks, mime, music, mythological drama, names, one-act drama, places, possession, puppetry, radio drama, ritual, rural performers, scenography, shadow theater, street theater, television drama, theater education, theater for development, theory, titles of plays, transliteration, and vocabulary.
Anti-Red fear and the exploitation of fear was so great that it is not beyond the bounds of human compassion to understand how Kazan could have been intimidated into informing on friends from the Group Theater, the best known of whom were playwright Clifford Odets and actress Paula Strasberg.
He worked for the Theater Guild until the Group Theater was formed to apply the methods developed by Stanislavski and the Moscow Art Theater.
have partnered on this promotion where movie-goers can "check in" via Facebook places on their smartphones at any Regal Entertainment Group Theater to get an instant mobile coupon to be redeemed at the concession stand.
Along with one high school winner, their scripts were gleaned from a competition run by Aspen-based presenter and outreach group Theater Masters, led by Julia Hansen, Lane Savadove and Pesha Rudnick.