Grove Karl Gilbert

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gilbert, Grove Karl


Born May 6, 1843, in Rochester; died May 1, 1918, in Jackson, Michigan. American geologist and geomorphologist.

Gilbert graduated from the University of Rochester in 1862, becoming a member of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington in 1883. In 1893 and 1909 he was president of the American Geological Society.

Gilbert established the block structure of the Cordilleras. He was the first to identify the special form of intrusion to which he gave the name “laccolith.” He investigated the processes of river erosion and of the transport of detrital material by rivers, as well as the creation of landforms in relation to the structure of the earth’s crust, its movements, and the destructive action of water and wind. In his investigations of the mountains near Lake Bonneville, Gilbert identified two types of tectonic movement, which he called “orogenic” (breaks in the earth’s crust, or folding) and “epeirogenic” (slow vertical movements of large portions of the earth’s crust).


Report on the Geology of the Henry Mountains, 2nd ed. Washington, 1880.
Lake Bonneville. Washington, 1890.
An Introduction to Physical Geography, 2nd ed. New York, 1908. (With A. P. Brigham.)
Glaciers and Glaciation. Washington, 1910.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The chapters in the middle of the book that focus on scientists like Louis Agassiz, Grove Karl Gilbert, and Andrew Ellicott Douglass provide the meat of the "whole story." One at a time, we are taken through their lives and discoveries; for example, we journey with Agassiz as he unearthed the signs of glacial advance and retreat, while also learning that his religious viewpoints may have clouded his scientific reasoning.
Northeast of the crater Ptolemaeus is a fascinating area whose significance was first noticed by Grove Karl Gilbert, an American geologist famous for mapping the western states.
IN 1893 GROVE KARL GILBERT recognized that circular maria--such as Imbrium, Humorum, Nectaris, and Crisium --all lie within the largest craters on the Moon.
THE REGION SURROUNDING PTOLEMAEUS is one of the best places on the Moon to see the linear features that were named the Imbrium sculpture by Grove Karl Gilbert, the U.S.
This unnamed area includes conspicuous examples of the Imbrium sculpture that convinced Grove Karl Gilbert, Ralph Baldwin, and later geologists that a tremendous explosion had taken place at Imbrium.