He was Gruffudd ap Llywelyn
and he was the first and last king of Wales.
Why not talk Westminster with BBC political editor Nick Robinson, discuss the natural world with presenter and adventurer Ben Fogle or debate The Last King of Wales with historians Michael Davies and Sean Davies, whose book of the same name examines the life and legacy of one of the nation's greatest figures - Gruffudd ap Llywelyn
O fewn golwg Castell Rhuddlan mae Aled a Dr John Davies yn sefyll ar fwnt a beili lle bu unwaith balas Gruffudd ap Llywelyn
, yr unig frenin yng Nghymru'r Canol Oesoedd oedd yn rheoli'r holl wlad.
Among their topics are Cnut and the Scottish kings, the destruction of Gruffudd ap Llywelyn
, Brjans Saga, and Gaelic princes and Gregorian reform.
The key political event - the temporary unification of Wales under Gruffudd ap Llywelyn
in the middle of the eleventh century - is treated almost as an oddity by Maund; the fact that this might have some connection to similar concentrations of power evident in Scotland and Ireland is not considered.
Among the most important kings of this period were Maelgwn Gwynedd, Rhodri Mawr, Hywel Dda, Gruffudd ap Llywelyn
, Owain Gwynedd, The Lord Rhys, Llywelyn ab Iorwerth and Llywelyn ap Gruffudd.
The Last King of Wales: Gruffudd ap Llywelyn
Michael and Sean Davies (The History Press, pounds 12.
mai Rhuddlan, oedd prif ganolfan Gruffudd ap Llywelyn
Among other ocean-going vessels which travelled along the River Usk were a fleet of 36 Viking ships, which arrived in 1049 to join a combined attack into England after the Viking leaders formed an alliance with the Welsh king Gruffudd ap Llywelyn
Nine generations down the line and Sir William's ancestor Iorwerth Fychan married Catherine, the daughter of Gruffudd ap Llywelyn
, the Prince of Wales.
Among other ocean-going vessels which travelled along the River Usk was a fleet of 36 Viking ships which arrived in 1049 to join a combined attack on England after the Viking leaders formed an alliance with Welsh king Gruffudd ap Llywelyn
In 1063, it was the war to secure the Wye frontier, at Hereford, that led to the downfall and death of one of Wales' greatest rulers, Gruffudd ap Llywelyn