Gruffydd ap Llywelyn


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Gruffydd ap Llywelyn or Llewelyn

(grĭf`ĭth äp hləwĕl`ĭn, lo͞oĕl`ĭn), d. 1063, ruler of Wales (1039–63). A series of campaigns against other Welsh princes made him the ruler of virtually all Wales. Allied with the outlawed Ælfgar of Mercia, he launched a series of raids into W England, but his power was broken by HaroldHarold,
1022?–1066, king of England (1066). The son of Godwin, earl of Wessex, he belonged to the most powerful noble family of England in the reign of Edward the Confessor. Through Godwin's influence Harold was made earl of East Anglia.
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 in two invasions (1062–63). His defeat plunged Wales into confusion and paved the way for the conquest of Wales by the Normans. His name also appears as Griffith ap Llewelyn.
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In the mid-11th century, at a time when wealth was synonymous with land ownership, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn ruled over the entirety of Wales and wielded that power for about eight years.
In the mid-11th century, at a time when wealth was synonymous with landownership, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn ruled over the entirety of Wales and wielded that power for about eight years.
In 1047 Gruffydd ap Llywelyn was expelled from Deheubarth - which encompassed modern-day Pembrokeshire - and Gruffydd ap Rhydderch of Gwent took over.
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Gruffydd ap Llywelyn made it one of his headquarters in his mid-eleventh-century campaign; a Norman castle was built there and a new borough, as well as further castles close by and off the hills at Prestatyn and Dyserth also; and it was Rhuddlan that was fortified by Edward I, in the scheme of castle-boroughs stretching from Caernarfon to Flint, with an overall view to the domination of the river-valleys and hinterland.
Rhodri Mawr (844-877) was a king, so was Hywel Dda (890-950) and Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (1036-1063).
Its courts and diocese were separate from the rest of Wales until its conquest by Gruffydd ap Llywelyn. It recovered its independence after his death in 1063.
The manor, near present-day Mold, and including a church at Gwysane, is described by Domesday as a former court of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, king of Wales 1055-63.
One of the clauses compelled the release of the Welsh King, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr, who had been taken hostage by King John.