Grylloblattida

Grylloblattida

 

an order of insects with incomplete metamorphosis, combining features of the Dictyoptera and the Orthoptera. The body is wingless and elongated (13–22 mm), the eyes are either underdeveloped or lacking, and the mouthparts are of the gnawing type. The insects have walking legs with pentamerous tarsi and an abdomen with long, jointed cerci. The female has an ovipositor. Grylloblattida is an ancient remnant group with three genera including 11 species. It is found in Japan, North America, and in the Primor’e region of the USSR. These insects live in damp, shady places and are omnivorous. There are two species in the USSR (of the genera Grylloblattina and Galloisiana).

REFERENCE

Bei-Bienko,G. la.Obshchaia entomologiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1971.
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References in periodicals archive ?
New and rare insect species from the Wellington Formation (Orthoptera, Grylloblattida; Lower Permian, USA).
Intraindividual variability in Sinonamuropteridae forewing venation (Grylloblattida; Late Carboniferous): taxonomic and nomenclatural implications.
Triassic and Jurassic insects of the genus Shurabia (Grylloblattida, Geinitziidae).
As a mark of the respect in which he was held by his peers, over 100 species and five genera of Diptera were named in his honour (2), together with taxa in at least 11 other insect orders (Coleoptera, Dermaptera, Heteroptera, Hymenoptera, fossil Grylloblattida, Lepidoptera, Neuroptera, Odonata, Plecoptera, Psocoptera, Strepsiptera) and four other classes of invertebrates (Malacostraca, Oligochaeta, fossil Ophiuroidea, Tardigrada) (M.
Among neopterous insects, the [dagger ]Glosselytrodea (an extinct holometablous order; one species), the Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets; three species), the [dagger] Caloneurodea (an extinct order related to Orthoptera; two species), the '[dagger]Strephocladida' (a group of polyneopterous insects of uncertain affinities; one species), and the '[dagger] Grylloblattida' (a group of polyneopterous insects of uncertain affinities; two species) are represented (Fig.
(1998): Sistematika, filogeniya i evolyutsiya grilloblattidovykh nasekomykh (Insecta: Grylloblattida).
Later Riek (1970) transferred Triassomantidae (but not Xenopteridae) to the order Paraplecoptera (= Grylloblattida; Storozhenko 2002), and Kevan (1977) agreed with the latter opinion by Riek and created a separate superfamily (Xenopteroidea) only for this family.
The Mooi River locality (Beaufort Group, Normandien Formation) has yielded the richest insect fauna, including representatives of four species in four genera, Mioloptoides andrei Riek, 1976, Mioloptera stuckenbergi Riek, 1973 (Liomopteridae), Miolopterina tenuipennis Riek, 1976 (Megakhosaridae) and Liomoptoides similis Riek, 1973 (Grylloblattida incertae sedis) (van Dijk 1997).
In addition, Neoliomopterum picturatum from the contemporaneous Emakwezini Railway Station locality is transferred from Grylloblattida incertae sedis to the family Liomopteridae.
picteti Heer, 1864, was transferred to the order Grylloblattida and considered a senior synonym of the family Tomiidae Martynov, 1936 (Aristov 2004b).
It remained in this family until some time ago (Carpenter 1992), but later was transferred to Grylloblattida incertae sedis on the basis of its incomplete preservation (Storozhenko 1998).
Revision of the family Tomiidae (Insecta: Grylloblattida).