Grylloidea

Grylloidea

 

a superfamily of crickets of the order Orthoptera. The body is cylindrical and usually shorter than the antennae. The elytra lie flat against the body, the left one covering the right; in males the elytra have well-developed stridulating organs. The auditory organs are located on the fore tibiae. The abdomen has long cerci; the ovipositor is slender and straight.

There are about 2,000 species, distributed in tropical and temperate zones. Most of the approximately 50 species found in the USSR belong to the family Gryllidae. The crickets are most often found in the southern Crimea, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. They usually live in cracks in soil, under rocks, or in burrows; some inhabit human dwellings (Gryllus domesticus). Tree crickets deposit their eggs in the stems of plants, wingless crickets live in ant nests, and mole crickets (Gryllotalpidae) make passages in soil. The insects are omnivorous; some species, for example, a number of mole crickets and the desert cricket, damage plants. Control measures include the use of poisoned bait and thorough soil cultivation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Gorochov (for Grylloidea), Sigfrid Ingrisch (for Tettigonioidea), Tony Robillard (for Eneopterinae), Luc Willemse (for Acridoidea), Josip Skejo (for Tetrigoidea), Josef Tumbrinck (for Tetrigoidea), Sergey Storozhenko (for Tetrigoidea), and Xingbao Jin (for Tettigonioidea).
The endings of specific nomina dedicated to persons should not be emended: nomenclatural issues in Phalangopsidae (Hexapoda: Grylloidea).
The systematic position of Schizodactylus reported much controversial: Ramme (1931) and Hubbell (1936) placed it in the subfamily Schizadactylinae of the Gryllacrididae; Ander (1938) established a separate family for the genus, based on studies of the internal anatomy; Imms (1957) also placed the insect in a separate family of Tettigonoidea; Ragge (1957) while describing the polyogenetic origin of Schizadactylinae recommended the correction of the latter with early Grylloidea on the basis of wing morphology.
First analysis of a disturbance stridulation in crickets, Brachytrupes tropicus (Orthoptera: Grylloidea: Gryllidae).
Morphology and character evaluation of scales in scaly crickets (Orthoptera: Grylloidea: Mogoplistidae).
From a behavioral viewpoint, crickets (Orthoptera: Grylloidea) use all the main classes of sensory perception for intraspecific communication (chemical, acoustic, tactile, and visual), and present specialized aggressive and hierarchical behaviors as well as a high degree of territoriality when compared to other non-social invertebrates (Alexander 1962).
Proventiculus of three Nemobiinae crickets (Orthoptera: Grylloidea: Trigonidiidae).
Suborden Superfamilia Familia Ensifera Grylloidea Gryllidae Tettigonioidea Tettigoniidae Caelifera Acridoidea Acrididae Eumastacoidea Eumastacidae Pamphagoidea Pyrgomorphidae Tetrigoidea Tetrigidae Tridactyloidea Tridactylidae Subfamilia Genero Morfoespecie Eneopterinae Eneoptera Eneoptera sp.
(2006) annotated Grylloidea from the SYSTAX-DORSA files with essential parameters such as carrier frequency and pulse rate.
1987 Structure et evolution du complexe phallique des GryUidea (Orthopteres) et classification des genres Neotropieaux de Grylloidea premiere partie.