Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Treaty of

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Treaty of

 

concluded between the USA and Mexico in Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Mexico, on Feb. 2, 1848, after the American-Mexican War of 1846–48, which ended in the defeat of Mexico. The treaty formalized the seizure of more than half of Mexico’s territory by the USA (2.3 million sq km). Under the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the USA paid Mexico US $15 million, and the American government assumed responsibility for the satisfaction of the financial claims of its citizens against Mexico, which totaled US $3.2 million. The territory seized from Mexico makes up about one-fourth of the territory of the present-day United States (the states of Texas, California, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah, and part of Colorado and Wyoming) and has great deposits of petroleum, gold, copper, and coal, valuable pastures, and fertile arable lands.

REFERENCE

Treaties, Conventions, International Acts, Protocols, and Agreements Between the United States of America and Other Powers, vol. 1. Washington, D. C, 1910.

A. B. BELEN’KII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.