Guantánamo

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Guantánamo

(gwäntä`nämō), city (1994 est. pop. 200,000), capital of Guantánamo prov., SE Cuba, on the Guaso River. It is the processing center for a rich sugar- and coffee-producing region and has road and rail connections with Santiago de CubaSantiago de Cuba
, city (1994 est. pop. 385,800), capital of Santiago de Cuba prov., SE Cuba. Cuba's second largest city, Santiago is situated on a cliff overlooking a bay. The city is a major port and the terminus of a major highway and railway.
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. Founded in the early 19th cent. by French colonists fleeing the slave rebellion in Haiti, Guantánamo retains many vestiges of French architecture.

The city is c.20 mi (30 km) inland from its port, Caimanera, on landlocked Guantánamo Bay, where the United States maintains an important naval station. Often called the Pearl Harbor of the Atlantic, the base has naval installations covering c.45 sq mi (116 sq km). Its site was leased to the United States in 1903 by a treaty that was renewed in 1934; consent of both governments is needed to revoke the agreement. Since 1960 the Cuban government has refused to accept the token annual rent ($5,000) from the United States and has pressured for the surrender of the base. In the mid-1990s thousands of refugees fleeing Cuba and Haiti were temporarily housed at the base.

A prison camp for several hundred persons accused of having TalibanTaliban
or Taleban
, Islamic fundamentalist militia of Afghanistan and later Pakistan, originally consisting mainly of Sunni Pashtun religious students from Afghanistan who were educated and trained in Pakistan.
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 or Al QaedaAl Qaeda
or Al Qaida
[Arab.,=the base], Sunni Islamic terrorist organization with the stated goals of uniting all Muslims and establishing a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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 ties was established (2002) there after the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan during the Bush administration. Guantánamo was chosen because the Bush administration believed that federal constitutional protections should not apply to the base, which legally is not part of the United States; that argument was rejected by the Supreme Court in 2004. There have been accusations, some based on FBI e-mail, that prisoners there have been abused; several prisoners have committed suicide. In 2009 President Obama ordered the closure of the prison camp within a year, but difficulties associated with the process made closing it unachievable. By early 2017, however, 41 prisoners remained at the base; some 660 had been held at the base in 2003. Most of those held there were never tried.

Bibliography

See S. I. M. Schwab, Guantánamo, USA (2009); M. O. Slahi, Guantánamo Diary (2015).

Guantánamo

 

a city in eastern Cuba, in Oriente Province. Population, 134,100 (1970 census). Railroad and highway junction. Guantánamo produces food, textiles, and files. There are sugar plantations in the vicinity of Guantánamo. In Guantánamo Bay is a large US naval base (lease began in 1903). Cuba demands the return of land and maritime territory belonging to it in the area of Guantánamo.

References in periodicals archive ?
Breveted to major on 3 July 1898, for `distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy at Guantanamo, Cuba.
The ruling has allowed the Pentagon to continue the use of military commissions to try people detained at Guantanamo, Cuba.
Born in Guantanamo, Cuba in 1958, one month before Fidel Castro began his revolution and educated as a young communist, it is unsurprising that Raul does not lay claim to a particular denomination.
The three of them, in a bold display of patriotism, joined a challenge to the Bush administration's indefinite detention of suspected terrorists at the Navy base in Guantanamo, Cuba.
Earlier this month it emerged that Mr Begg and Feroz Abbasi, aged 23, could be among the first detainees at the American-run detention camp in Guantanamo, Cuba, to face trial by military tribunal.
naval base in Guantanamo, Cuba, are criminals, not prisoners of war (POWs).
While his future prospects are sweet, he says he might not be able to share the joy with his mom back in Guantanamo, Cuba, because of a recent dispute between the two countries.
Estados Unidos ha removido 11 mil minas antipersonales que hablan sido sembradas en el perimetro de la base naval de Guantanamo, Cuba, informo el Pentagono.
Y en el proposito de investigar los vergonzosos, los criminales hechos de Guantanamo, Cuba no conto con apoyo.
government has played a part in this failure, and described the detention facility at Guantanamo, Cuba, as "the gulag of our times.
Another key style of music that aided in the development of the bongo is the "changui" from Guantanamo, Cuba.