Guarneri

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Guarneri

(gwärnĕ`rē) or

Guarnerius

(gwärnĕr`ēəs), family of violinmakers of Cremona, Italy. The first craftsman of the family was Andrea Guarneri, c.1626–1698, a pupil of Niccolò AmatiAmati
, Italian family of violinmakers of Cremona. The founder of the Cremona school was Andrea Amati (c.1520–c.1578), whose earliest violins date from c.1564. His labels bore the name Amadus, and he is credited with the basic design of the modern violin.
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. He designed and built his instruments in the Amati fashion. Andrea's two sons, who were his pupils, surpassed him in his work. They were Pietro Giovanni Guarneri, 1655–1720, who worked in Mantua and made several innovations, and Giuseppe Giovan Battista Guarneri, 1666–c.1738, who made superb violins in an original style. The son of Giuseppe Guarneri, Pietro Guarneri, 1695–1762, made his best violins in his later years, following his uncle's pattern for the most part. The greatest violinmaker of the family was Giuseppe Guarneri, 1698–1744, grandnephew of Andrea, called "del Gesù" because he signed his labels with a cross and the letters IHS. He was second only to StradivariStradivari, Antonio
, or Antonius Stradivarius
, 1644–1737, Italian violin maker of Cremona; pupil of Niccolò Amati. He was apprenticed to Amati c.1658 and may have remained with him until Amati's death in 1684.
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 in the history of violinmaking. He followed the school of Brescia instead of the Amati in his designs. Giuseppe built varied models to achieve a superb tone so that his instruments are not uniform.

Bibliography

See W. H. Hill, The Violin-Makers of the Guarneri Family (1931).

Guarneri

 

a family of Italian violinmakers.

Andrea Guarneri. Born 1622 or 1626 in Cremona; died there Dec. 7, 1698. The oldest representative of the family, Andrea Guarneri studied with N. Amati, and his first instruments were made in the Amati style. Guarneri later changed the model—for example, the ƒ holes have an irregular shape, the soundboard is flatter, and the sides rather low. Instruments made by Andrea Guarneri have a sweet but not very powerful tone.

Pietro Guarneri. Born Feb. 18, 1655, in Cremona; died Mar. 26, 1720, in Mantua. The eldest son of Andrea Guarneri, Pietro Guarneri worked in Cremona and later in Mantua. He made instruments from a model of his own creation (a wide belly, convex soundboards, rounded ƒ holes, and a rather wide scroll). The tone of his instruments is good but devoid of brilliance.

Giuseppe Guarneri. Born Aug. 21, 1698, in Cremona; died there Oct. 17, 1744. A grandson of Andrea Guarneri; known as Giuseppe del Gesù. With A. Stradivari, Giuseppe del Gesù is the greatest Italian violinmaker. He created his own individual style of violin, designed to be played in a large concert hall. His best violins have a powerful and ample tone and are distinguished by expressiveness and diversity of timbre. The first to appreciate the merits of Giuseppe del Gesù’s violins was N. Paganini.

Other Guarneris. Other great violin masters were another son and grandson of Andrea Guarneri, Giuseppe Guarneri, who was born Nov. 25, 1666, in Cremona and died there in 1739, and Pietro Guarneri, who was born Apr. 14, 1695, in Cremona, and died Apr. 7, 1762, in Venice.

REFERENCES

Vitachek, E. F. Ocherki po istorii izgotovleniia smychkovykh instrumentov, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1964.
Jalovec, K. Italienische Geigenbauer. [Prague, 1957.]

Guarneri

, Guarnieri, Guarnerius
1. an Italian family of 17th- and 18th-century violin-makers
2. any violin made by a member of this family
References in periodicals archive ?
Durante un cuarto de siglo el Guarnerius descansa en el castillo del millonario Eugene Fau en el sur de Francia.
En sus manos el Guarnerius yace hasta 1972, que es cuando pasa a engrosar el inventario del negociante Jacques Francais, en la Fifth Avenue de N.
At points, the reader wonders whether Mogens has done more than find the perfect instrument for his love; could the Aarhus violin maker, an expert in every sense, construct a perfect copy of the 1740 Peter Guarnerius and fool the experts, including his old master Claude Lenoble in Paris?
You read in the paper that a Stradivarius was worth 20,000, so, say a Guarnerius was worth half as much, and say this Guarnerius, not being a Giuseppe, was only worth one-fifth as much as a Giuseppe Guarnerius-that would still be $2,000.
She saw that a first wedding anniversary didn't impress the listening musicians as an occasion quite worthy of the gift of a Guarnerius, even though it wasn't a Giuseppe, so she did her best to tell them just how it had been.
Entre los 10 ejemplares expuestos sobresalen dos Stradivari (1703 y 1709), dos Nicolo lo Amati (1647 y 1683) y un Guarnerius del Gesu (1744).
But there we were, delighted with the beautifully rounded resonances of a Guarnerius (1705) and an 18th century French violin, a Devirchis viola (1588), dark and brooding, and a cello by Testore (1758) sporting a sturdy spike, high bridge and much flatter shape than a modern instrument.
Y con fusiles siguieron moldeando los episodios de su devenir haciendo anicos nuestros efimeros instantes de certidumbre, pero mas vale cercenar los abrojos de la impaciencia, que no es este el final del relato; para el debemos reservamos el viaje de Vieuxtemps por Mexico acompanado de su poderoso Guarnerius (Proceso, 1765) en la aludida gira.
Karin draws a wonderfully big tone from her splendid Guarnerius instrument, Doris' pianism is texturally alive, with a tellingly delineated left hand.
Fue construido por Giuseppe Guarneri (1688-1744) de Cremona, tambien conocido como Guarnerius del Gesu por la impresion que hizo del monograma IHS (lesus, Homini Salvator) en las etiquetas que guardan al interior sus instrumentos.
Dos de ellos, por ejemplo, son el Guarnerius del Gesu de 1742, apodado II Cannone (El canon), que Niccolo Paganini (1782-1840) dejo en heredad al ayuntamiento de Genova; y el Stradivarius The Messiah que reposa en el museo Ashmolean de Oxford, y que se exhibe tal como salio de las manos de Antonio Stradivari (1644-1737) en 1716 pues no ha sido tocado nunca.
Con referencia al Guarnerius que sale ileso del supuesto percance automovilistico, vale la pena recordar que es devuelto de manera anonima a la viuda del violinista Hermilo Novelo y que alrededor del asunto se cava una zanja de silencios e incredulidades.