Guayaquil


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Guayaquil

(gwīäkēl`), city (1990 pop. 1,508,444), capital of Guayas prov., W Ecuador, on the Guayas River near its mouth on the Gulf of Guayaquil, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean. The chief port and largest city of Ecuador and one of the best ports along Latin America's Pacific coast, Guayaquil has industries manufacturing textiles, leather goods, cement, alcohol, soap, and iron products. Through its modern harbor are shipped cacao, coffee, and bananas, the principal exports of Ecuador. Between 1970 and 1990 the city's population nearly doubled. Guayaquil was founded by the Spanish conquistador Sebastián de BenalcázarBenalcázar or Belalcázar, Sebastián de
, c.1479–1551, Spanish conquistador. After accompanying Columbus on his third voyage (1498), Benalcázar served in Darién and Nicaragua
..... Click the link for more information.
 in 1535. It was often subjected to attacks by buccaneers in the 17th cent. and in the 18th and 19th cent. was destroyed repeatedly by fires. The occupation of the city in 1821 by patriot forces under Antonio José de SucreSucre, Antonio José de
, 1795–1830, South American revolutionist, b. Cumaná, Venezuela. He joined (1811) the forces fighting for independence from Spain and rose to be the chief lieutenant of Simón Bolívar.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was the first major step in Ecuador's final liberation from Spain. The fateful meeting between Simón BolívarBolívar, Simón
, 1783–1830, South American revolutionary who led independence wars in the present nations of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and José de San MartínSan Martín, José de
, 1778–1850, South American revolutionist, b. Yapeyú, in present-day Argentina. After service with the Spanish army in Europe, he returned (1812) to join the revolution against Spain in his native country.
..... Click the link for more information.
 that was to influence the course of independence in South America took place in Guayaquil in 1822. Because of its hot and humid climate the city was frequently scourged by yellow fever until the sanitation work of the U.S. surgeon-general William C. GorgasGorgas, William Crawford,
1854–1920, American disease and sanitation expert, surgeon general of the United States, b. Mobile, Ala., grad. Bellevue Hospital Medical College, 1879. He served with the U.S. army medical corps after 1880.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Guayaquil has several colonial landmarks, including the church of Santo Domingo (16th cent.). It is the seat of three universities and a polytechnic institute.

Guayaquil

 

former name, Santiago de Guayaquil, a city in Ecuador; port on the bank of the Guayas River, which is navigable. 50 km from where it empties into the Gulf of Guayaquil on the Pacific Ocean. Administrative center of Guayas Province. Population, 738,600 (1969). Railroad station (on the line to Quito and the port of Salinas).

Guayaquil has an international airport. In the city there are foundries and machine shops; it has sawmilling, light-industry, and food-industry enterprises (milling of flour, brewing of beer, etc.). More than 90 percent of the country’s imports and some 50 percent of its exports pass through Guayaquil. There is a university in the city.

Founded in 1531 by the Spanish conquistador Sebastián de Benalcazar, Guayaquil was twice demolished in Indian rebellions against Spanish rule and permanently rebuilt in 1541. In 1687 and 1709 it was attacked by English pirates, and in 1587 and 1842 it suffered severely from epidemics of plague and yellow fever. On Oct. 9, 1820. Guayaquil proclaimed its independence, and in July 1822 as part of Quito Province it joined Gran Colombia. Early in the 20th century the city became the center of the country’s workers’ movement. The biggest strikes and mass protests by the toiling people occurred in 1922, 1942–44, 1949–50, and 1966.

Guayaquil

a port in W Ecuador: the largest city in the country and its chief port; university (1867). Pop.: 2 387 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Veinte anos mas tarde, en 1685, el Procurador General del cabildo de Guayaquil, propuso hacer un nuevo intento ante el virrey del Peru para conseguir la escurridiza autorizacion.
En estos anos, la imagen de Quito y la de Guayaquil son contrapuestas segun la vision de los viajeros y europeos que llegaron a Ecuador.
Bitry welcomed Ambassador Chen to visit Guayaquil and said that the provinces of Guayas and Guayaquil attach great importance to cooperation with China.
Guayaquil is the second city in Ecuador JetBlue serves and the sixth JetBlue city in South America overall.
With deeper waters, the Port of Guayaquil is the first in Ecuador to accommodate ships of this size - elevating its status as a world-class port.
"We regret the loss of 17 human lives in this tragedy, and we reject the negligence of the owners," the Guayaquil fire department said in a statement.
'This carbon-neutral certification awarded to Contecon Guayaquil is a testament of our firm and unbreakable commitment to preserve the environment in our own way,' he said.
Elzbieta Czetwertynska, Ecuador Citi Country Officer, said, "This agreement underscores Citi's strength in consistently identifying opportunities to serve our clients and the community, taking advantage of Citi's global network and broad platform of financial products and services." With over 520,000 previously-unbanked clients that now have "Amiga Accounts" and a $70m loan book to finance microenterprises, Banco Guayaquil's "Banco del Barrio" is one of the pioneering and most comprehensive inclusive finance programs in Latin America, significantly expanding access to financial services in Ecuador by leveraging a network of more than 4,400 non-bank customer touchpoints across the country.
The Ecuador Branch of Citibank, N.A (NYSE: C), with support from Citi Inclusive Finance, and Banco Guayaquil, have said that they have signed a three-year USD20m financing agreement in September to expand financial inclusion in Ecuador by supporting Guayaquil's ability to provide micro-loans through its 'Banco del Barrio' program.
occidentalis se encuentra contenida primordialmente en reportes cientificos y tecnicos del Instituto Nacional de Pesca (INP), referida al analisis descriptivo de sus desembarques pesqueros y/o aspectos biologicos especificos en el Golfo de Guayaquil, Ecuador.
[4.] Leyva-Vazquez, M., et al., The Extended Hierarchical Linguistic Model in Fuzzy Cognitive Maps, in Technologies and Innovation: Second International Conference, CITI 2016, Guayaquil, Ecuador, November 23-25, 2016, Proceedings, R.
La poblacion de Guayaquil tiene presencia endemico--epidemica del dengue y existen pocos estudios sobre la tendencia historica de los factores que influyen en el comportamiento.