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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city (since 1926), the center of Gudauta Raion, Abkhazian ASSR, on the Black Sea. Railway station 37 km northwest of Sukhumi and 43 km from Gagra. Population, 13,000 (1970).

Gudauta is a marine health resort. It has a humid subtropical climate (somewhat cooler and damper than in Sukhumi) with very mild winters (mean January temperature, 6° C) and very warm summers (mean July temperature, 24° C); annual precipitation is 1,460 mm. The resort offers air and sun baths and sea bathing. Treatment is available for patients with non-tubercular respiratory ailments and nervous, cardiovascular, and metabolic disorders. Facilities include sanatoriums, a resort polyclinic, worker resort homes, hotels, and tourist hostels. The bay on which Gudauta is situated has a gravel beach that turns sandy in its eastern section. The bathing season lasts from mid-May through October.

The city has a tobacco-fermentation plant, a winery, citrus-packing facilities, a machine shop, an automotive repair shop, and a tea factory, and a building-materials plant. G. K. Ordzhonikidze lived in Gudauta in 1905 and carried on his revolutionary work there. A medieval architectural complex is located 4 km from the city in the village of Lykhny: it contains the ruins of a palace, a bell tower, and a cupolaed church (tenth and 11th centuries) with 14th-century frescoes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Protesters even occupied government and television buildings, forcing President Ankvab to take shelter in the Russian base located in Gudauta. In the end, Ankvab was unable to withstand the pressure from the protests, and resigned; parliament then decided to hold early elections on Aug.
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grenade launcher on his house in the Lykhry settlement of the Gudauta district.
The US also worked towards the withdrawal of Russian bases in Georgia, an effort which culminated in the Istanbul Declaration of 1999, where Russia committed to remove its bases at Vaziani, and Gudauta by July 2001.
In 1999, Russia and Georgia agreed to provisions of the amended CFE Treaty calling for Russia to reduce weaponry at its four bases in Georgia, to close two of the bases (at Gudauta and Vaziani) by July 2001, and to complete negotiations during 2000 on the status of the other two bases (at Batumi and Akhalkalaki).
(6) The MiG-29 took off from the Gudauta military base in Abkhazia which, according to repeated Russian claims, was "closed" several years ago.
He said that radar had shown the aircraft took off from the Abkhazian town of Gudauta, the former site of a Russian military base.
While three of Russia's four major bases in Georgia have been closed, or are nearly closed two under a 2005 agreement dealing with Akhalkalaki and Batumi a small number of Russian personnel and supplies remain at the Gudauta base, in the separatist Abkhazia region of Georgia.