outrage festered over the next year, and Dante was a particular object of their hatred.
Gesamtkatalog ihrer Manuskriptbucher, ihrer Schreiber und ihrer Literatur 1529-1667, compiled by Robert Friedmann with assistance by Adolf Mais (Wien: Osterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1965), 59; referring to Library of Herzog August, Wolfenbuttel (Augusta), Guelf
Indeed Antonio Ivan Pini called Bologna a "Republic of notaries" during the rule of the popolo in the 1270s and 1280s when one of their own, Rolandino Passagieri, a doctor of notarial arts, led the dominant Guelf
faction and spearheaded the exile of the Ghibelline faction lead by the Lambertazzi.
There followed a shift in which collective sentences were replaced with precautionary measures against supposed enemies through a decree of ammonizione issued by the Guelf
1998, 1999; Azpitarte y Guelf
, 1999; Rodriguez et al.
45; Article 6 of the Charter is also reproduced in Adam Roberts/Richard Guelf
But it was also the Germans who divided medieval Europe into rival camps: imperial and papal, Ghibelline and Guelf
Bloodshed becomes more appalling, not less, as the reference to Obizzo II of Este (1247-93), a Guelf
to contrast with Ezzolino, indicates.
In Machiavelli's reworking of the story, Castruccio meets with rival Guelf
factions from Pistoia, and makes secret arrangements with each to give him control of the city, but the story departs from Xenophon at this important juncture.
It contained urban plans of Montreal, Quebec, By-Town (Ottawa), Toronto, Guelf
(Guelph) and Goderich.
when Can Grande, whose forerunner, according to Guelf
Because the Angevins supported the Guelf
powers, Frederick III supported the Ghibellines.