Guelphs


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Guelphs

(gwĕlfs), European dynasty tracing its descent from the Swabian count Guelph or Welf (9th cent.), whose daughter Judith married the Frankish emperor Louis I. Guelph III (d. 1055) was made (1047) duke of Carinthia and margrave of Verona. Without male heirs, he was succeeded by his nephew, Guelph IV, whose father was a member of the Italian house of EsteEste
, Italian noble family, rulers of Ferrara (1240–1597) and of Modena (1288–1796) and celebrated patrons of the arts during the Renaissance. Probably of Lombard origin, they took their name from the castle of Este, near Padua.
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. He became (1070) the first Guelph duke of Bavaria. His grandson, Henry the ProudHenry the Proud,
c.1108–1139, duke of Bavaria (1126–38) and of Saxony (1137–38). A member of the Guelph family, he inherited the duchy of Bavaria and enormous private wealth.
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, inherited the duchy of Saxony from Holy Roman Emperor Lothair II through his marriage to Lothair's daughter Gertrude. Henry's control of both Bavaria and Saxony made the Guelphs powerful rivals to the house of HohenstaufenHohenstaufen
, German princely family, whose name is derived from the castle of Staufen built in 1077 by a Swabian count, Frederick. In 1079, Frederick married Agnes, daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, and was created duke of Swabia.
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 for the imperial title; when Conrad III of Hohenstaufen became German king in 1138 he deprived Henry of his duchies, and war ensued. Amity between the two dynasties was restored with the accession of Frederick IFrederick I
or Frederick Barbarossa
[Ital.,=red beard], c.1125–90, Holy Roman emperor (1155–90) and German king (1152–90), son of Frederick of Hohenstaufen, duke of Swabia, nephew and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Conrad III.
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 of Hohenstaufen as Holy Roman emperor in 1155. His mother, Judith, was the sister of Henry the Proud, and Frederick I thus united in his person the two chief rival houses of Germany. Frederick reconfirmed Henry the LionHenry the Lion,
1129–95, duke of Saxony (1142–80) and of Bavaria (1156–80); son of Henry the Proud. His father died (1139) while engaged in a war to regain his duchies, and it was not until 1142 that Henry the Lion became duke of Saxony.
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, successor of Henry the Proud, as duke of Saxony and Bavaria. Later in Frederick's reign friction between the two developed, and in 1180, Frederick confiscated Henry's duchies; the Guelphs retained only Brunswick and Lüneburg. Henry's son Otto IVOtto IV,
1175?–1218, Holy Roman emperor (1209–15) and German king, son of Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony. He was brought up at the court of his uncle King Richard I of England, who secured his election (1198) as antiking to Philip of Swabia after the death of Holy
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 briefly became Holy Roman emperor but was deposed (1215). In 1235, Brunswick and Lüneburg were raised to the duchy of BrunswickBrunswick
, Ger. Braunschweig , former state, central Germany, surrounded by the former Prussian provinces of Saxony, Hanover, and Westphalia. The region of Braunschweig is situated on the North German plain and in the northern foothills of the Harz Mts.
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 under Henry's grandson Otto I of Brunswick. The line of Brunswick-Lüneburg or Hanover (see Hanover, house ofHanover, house of,
ruling dynasty of Hanover (see Hanover, province), which was descended from the Guelphs and which in 1714 acceded to the British throne in the person of George I.
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) ascended (1714) the throne of Great Britain in the person of George I, but because of the Salic law of succession Hanover was separated (1837) from the British crown on the accession of Queen Victoria. After the annexation of Hanover by Prussia and the deposition (1866) of George V, last king of Hanover, the so-called Guelphic party was founded and unsuccessfully sought to restore the kingdom.
References in periodicals archive ?
The governments of Canada and Ontario announced today that Guelph will host the annual conference of federal, provincial and territorial agricultural ministers in 2020.
The Guelph area is home to several leading agri-food research centres of excellence supported by the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs and the Government of Ontario, such as the University of Guelph, the Livestock Research Innovation Centre, and the Agricultural Research Institute of Ontario.
As a world class hub of agri-food innovation and a winner of the Smart Cities Challenge for their Circular Food Economy proposal, Guelph is a perfect venue for the annual conference of Federal-Provincial-Territorial (FPT) ministers of agriculture.The meeting provides a forum for ministers to discuss opportunities for sector development and growth.
MP Longfield made the announcement, on behalf of the Honourable Navdeep Bains, Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development and Minister responsible for FedDev Ontario, at the Innovation Expo in Guelph. This is the first event of this size organized jointly by Bioenterprise Corporation and delivery partner Innovation Guelph to showcase the more than 100 companies that have received seed financing and support through their programs to date.
While in Kitchener, Minister McKenna took part in a round-table discussion with the mayor of Kitchener, Berry Vrbanovic; the mayor of Waterloo, Dave Jaworsky; the Minister of Small Business and Tourism as well as the Member of Parliament for Waterloo, Bardish Chagger; the Member of Parliament for Guelph, Lloyd Longfield; the Member of Parliament for Kitchener SouthHespeler, Marwan Tabbara; and other representatives from the two cities.
The next stop was at the Bioproducts Discovery and Development Centre at the University of Guelph. Minister McKenna had a glimpse of research in various disciplines, aimed at commercializing products made from renewable resourcesCanadian solutions that will help protect the environment and grow the economy.
Lloyd Longfield, Member of Parliament for Guelph, on behalf of the Honourable Amarjeet Sohi, Minister of Infrastructure and Communities, the Honourable Liz Sandals, President of the Treasury Board of Ontario and Member of Provincial Parliament for Guelph, and His Worship Cam Guthrie, Mayor of the City of Guelph, today announced funding for a new transit project through the Public Transit Infrastructure Fund.
The City of Guelph will use the funding to replace three transit operations vehicles and four hoists.
This investment will make Guelph a stronger, more inclusive and sustainable city, and contribute to ensuring that our community remains among the best places in the world to live, work and raise a family.
Jeff Leal, Minister of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, was joined by University of Guelph President Dr.
For 125 years, OMAFRA and University of Guelph have partnered to foster innovation and generate results to support and help shape the future of the provinces agri-food industry and rural communities.