Guernica


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Guernica

(gārnē`kä), historic town (1990 pop. 16,422), Vizcaya prov., N Spain, in the Basque region. It has metallurgical, furniture, and food manufacturers, and some tourism. The oak of Guernica, under which the diet of Vizcaya used to meet, is a symbol of the lost liberties of the Basques. In Apr., 1937, German planes, aiding the insurgents in the Spanish civil war, bombed and destroyed Guernica. The indiscriminate killing of women and children aroused world opinion, and the bombing of Guernica became a symbol of fascist brutality. The event inspired one of Picasso's most celebrated paintings. Guernica is also called Guernica y Luno.

Guernica

 

Guernica y Luno, city in northern Spain, in the Basque country (Biscay Province). Population, approximately 5,000. Located in the Cantabrian Mountains in the Mundaca valley.

Guernica is an ancient center of Basque culture. During the Civil War and the Italo-German intervention of 1936-39, Guernica was subjected to a lengthy and devastating bombardment by German aircraft. The barbarous destruction of the ancient city aroused the indignation of progressive people throughout the world. Picasso’s painting, Guernica (1937), is devoted to that event.

Guernica

bombing of Guernica (1937); memorialized by Picasso’s painting. [Span. Hist.: NCE, 1158; Art Hist.: Osborne, 867]

Guernica

painting by Picasso depicting horror of war. [Art: Osborne, 866–867]
See: War

Guernica

a town in N Spain: formerly the seat of a Basque parliament; destroyed in 1937 by German bombers during the Spanish Civil War, an event depicted in one of Picasso's most famous paintings. Pop.: 15 454 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
GUERNICA'S WAR CHILDREN Guernica, a market town in Spain's Basque country, was destroyed by Nazi bombers on April 26, 1937 to help Spain's future dictator, General Franco.
Neither were damaged -- nor was the Tree of Guernica, an oak, the original of which was planted in the 14th century, under which the lords of the Basque country swore to uphold freedom for the people.
Recuerdo este texto para celebrar los 80 anos de que Picasso creo el Guernica y los mas de setenta anos del nombramiento del artista como director del Museo del Prado.
There is no other piece in the 20th century that has generated so many comments, so many interpretations as Guernica," said Manuel Borja-Villel, director of the Madrid museum.
26 abril de 1937 sera sempre lembrado como o dia nefasto em que a forca aerea alema, que havia chegado na Espanha para participar na guerra civil ao lado General Francisco Franco e suas tropas falangistas, bombardeou e destruiu a cidade de Guernica, santuario do pais Basco.
THE Russian bombardment of Aleppo has led MPs to draw comparisons with the destruction of Guernica at the height of the Spanish Civil War.
Sarah Richardson said Picasso's famous mural, Guernica, had been brought to Britain in 1938 by the British artist Roland Penrose to raise money for the anti-Franco republican cause in Spain.
The Children Have Barely Slept' -- Atef Abu Saif in Guernica .
Yet Dillenberger studies in detail those pictures he created using religious material, stressing the religious world that he would have experienced as a boy, some very early works with religious themes (a striking First Communion among them), the profound experiences of losing a sister and, later, a close friend which found quasi-religious expression in his work, a number of crucifixions (mainly drawings, but including the remarkable 1930 Crucifixion), the Man with a Lamb bronze of 1944 (clearly a 'good shepherd'), his paintings for the chapel at Vallauris, the pervasive presence of religious themes in Guernica, and finally, fascinatingly, a chapter on Picasso's use of pagan religious elements in bull-fighting that in a number of 1959 drawings are assimilated to crucifixion imagery.
Writing in The Spectator in 1937, Anthony Blunt described Guernica as 'the expression of a private brainstorm which gives no evidence that Picasso has understood the political significance' of his subject--the aerial bombardment of civilian targets in the Basque town by Franco's Nazi allies.
This paper examines the important and thought-provoking commonalities that exist between Picasso's Guernica, Joris Ivens and Ernest Hemingway's Vie Spanish Earth, and Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls in their exploration of the physical and psychological impact of this new warscape on the Spanish people.
Mordaz y relevante, la pieza es, ante todo, una respuesta a la atroz y sistematica aniquilacion del pueblo vasco de Guernica y sus habitantes con la vana pretension de desmoralizar al ejercito republicano.