Guernica


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Guernica

(gārnē`kä), officially Gernika-Lumo, historic town (1990 pop. 16,422), Bizkaia (Vizcaya or Biscay) prov., N Spain, in the Basque Country. It has metallurgical, furniture, and food manufacturers, and some tourism. The oak of Guernica, under which the Biscayan general assembly used to meet, is a symbol of the rights and liberties of the Basques. In Apr., 1937, German planes, aiding the insurgents in the Spanish civil war, bombed and destroyed Guernica. The indiscriminate killing of women and children aroused world opinion, and the bombing of Guernica became a symbol of fascist brutality. The event inspired one of Picasso's most celebrated paintings. Guernica is also called Guernica y Luno.

Guernica

 

Guernica y Luno, city in northern Spain, in the Basque country (Biscay Province). Population, approximately 5,000. Located in the Cantabrian Mountains in the Mundaca valley.

Guernica is an ancient center of Basque culture. During the Civil War and the Italo-German intervention of 1936-39, Guernica was subjected to a lengthy and devastating bombardment by German aircraft. The barbarous destruction of the ancient city aroused the indignation of progressive people throughout the world. Picasso’s painting, Guernica (1937), is devoted to that event.

Guernica

bombing of Guernica (1937); memorialized by Picasso’s painting. [Span. Hist.: NCE, 1158; Art Hist.: Osborne, 867]

Guernica

painting by Picasso depicting horror of war. [Art: Osborne, 866–867]
See: War

Guernica

a town in N Spain: formerly the seat of a Basque parliament; destroyed in 1937 by German bombers during the Spanish Civil War, an event depicted in one of Picasso's most famous paintings. Pop.: 15 454 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
"As his international counsel I was prevented from speaking to him...the Indian authorities were under an obligation to properly assess his request," said Toby Cadman of Guernica 37.
'From Guernica to Guardiola' by Adam Crafton is published by Simon & Schuster and is available to buy in hardback for [pounds sterling]20 here:http://www.simonandschuster.co.uk/books/From-Guernica-to-Guardiola/Adam-Crafton/9781471157134
Replying to a question, Mr Zia said Guernica had sent some documents with its letter, dated June 21,2017.
GUERNICA'S WAR CHILDREN Guernica, a market town in Spain's Basque country, was destroyed by Nazi bombers on April 26, 1937 to help Spain's future dictator, General Franco.
Neither were damaged -- nor was the Tree of Guernica, an oak, the original of which was planted in the 14th century, under which the lords of the Basque country swore to uphold freedom for the people.
"Pity and Terror: Picasso's Path to Guernica," which runs until September 4, 2017, depicts the artistic journey that lead the painter to create this anti-war masterpiece.
THE Russian bombardment of Aleppo has led MPs to draw comparisons with the destruction of Guernica at the height of the Spanish Civil War.
En 2015, Mohamed Abdelaziz s'est vu decerner le prix Guernica pour [beaucoup moins que] la paix et la reconciliation [beaucoup plus grand que] lors du 78e anniversaire du bombardement de la ville de Guernica, en Espagne.
Her essays, interviews, and art writing have been published in The Los Angeles Review of Books, Guernica, and Hyperallergic.
Coming on the centenary of World War I, the exhibition considers "representations of loss, destruction and trauma in places across the globe, from Flinders Island off the southern coast of Australia to Guernica, Beersheba and the ancient Mayan city of Uxmal," Barlow says.