The topics include Guibert of Nogent
and William of Flay and the problem of Jewish conversion at the time of the First Crusade, the commentary of Rashi on Isaiah and the Jewish-Christian debate, Jewish knowledge of Christianity during the 12th and 13th centuries, dreams as a determinant of Jewish law and practice in northern Europe during the high middle ages, the Jewish cemeteries of France after the expulsion of 1306, and tales and ideas of Jewish martyrdom in Shevet Yehudah.
Kruger then turns to a text of Guibert of Nogent
(circa 1060-1125) and shows how Guibert uses representations of Jews to help develop a sense of Christian identity and Christian society.
Instead, Kruger homes in on some very well known and intensively studied texts like the memoirs of Guibert of Nogent
Guibert of Nogent recounts that "at Rouen one day, some men who had taken the cross with the intention of leaving for the crusade began complaining among themselves.
Eadmer's sense of affront at the purported efforts of William Rufus on behalf of the Jewish father corresponds, in some way, to the sense of elation Guibert of Nogent expresses in his description of one Jewish boy saved during the massacre of Jews at Rouen that I mentioned previously.
Archambault, A Monk's Confession: The Memoirs of Guibert of Nogent (University Park, Penn.
Such theological emphases, which bulked large in the literature that Dr Abulafia discusses, at once moved into religious territory that Jews themselves might not have chosen, and served to increase Christian animus against the Jews which was conspicuous in writers as contrasting as Guibert of Nogent
and Peter the Venerable.
I begin with Marcus Aurelius, Seneca, and Augustine; I then turn to the medieval Latin writings of Peter Abelard, Guibert of Nogent, Hugh of St.
34) The trend is illustrated by the Memoirs of Guibert of Nogent (ca.
35) For a sympathetic review, see John Benton, Self and Society in Medieval France: The memoirs of Abbot Guibert of Nogent (1064?
Like His Famous contemporary Peter Abelard, the Benedictine abbot Guibert of Nogent
Although he rules out vernacular literature as a source for lay attitudes, arguing that it is contaminated with later viewpoints because it was redacted after the first Crusade, he falls into the same post hoc, ergo propter hoc reasoning in citing twelfth-century chroniclers such as Guibert of Nogent
, Ralph of Caen, and Ordericus Vitalis for evidence as to why nobles participated in the first Crusade.