Guido Guinizelli


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Guinizelli, Guido

 

Born between 1230 and 1240 in Bologna; died 1276 in Monselice. Italian poet. The father of dolce stil nuovo poetry.

In his doctrinaire canzone “Love Always Reigns in the Noble Heart,” Guinizelli glorified love as a feeling that ennobles the soul no less than the love of God. He maintained that nobility in man does not depend on his social origin. Such an exaltation of man makes Guinizelli a harbinger of the Renaissance and a direct forerunner of Dante, who called him his “father” in the art of love poetry. Guinizelli’s poetry also contains motifs of sensual passion (the sonnet “Lucia in the Colorful Cape”).

WORKS

In T. Casini, Le rime del poeti bolognesi del secolo XIII. Bologna, 1881.

REFERENCES

De Sanctis, F. Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury, vol. 1. Milan, 1963. (Translated from Italian.)
Russo, L. Storia della letteratura italiana, vol. 1. Florence [1957].

N. G. ELINA

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Tommasino delle Querce, the same notary who in 1269 entered the record of the shipment of books in the Bolognese Memoriali, also inserted into those pages in 1287 Dante's sonnet on the "Garisenda"; the manuscript illuminator, Oderisi da Gubbio, whom Dante made protagonist of Purgatorio 11, is listed as a witness in that same document; and, because of the dates of his supposed Bolognese residence, Jean de Meun could easily have known Guido Guinizelli, whom Dante honors as poetic father in Purgatorio 26.
68) Jean de Meun's possible sojourn in Bologna during the lifetime of Guido Guinizelli suggests not only an avenue for early dissemination of the Rose in Italy, but also the possibility of Italian influence, in particular the philosophical content of Guinizelli's lyrics, on Jean at the time he began to work on his continuation of Guillaume de Lorris' allegorical poem.
XI, 97-98", una disanima dei vari tentativi di identificare i due Guidi danteschi come Guido Guinizelli e Guittone, invece della tradizionale coppia Guido Guinizelli e Guido Cavalcanti, ipotesi che Mario Marti rincalza con nuovi argomenti.
Hoc solum illustres cantiones inveniuntur contexte; ut Gerardus, Si per mon Sobretots non fos; Folquetus de Marsilia, Tan m'abellis l'amoros pensamen; Arnaldus Danielis, Sols sui che sai lo sobraffan chem sorz; Namericus de Belnui, Nuls hom non pot complir addreciamen; Namericus de Peculiano, Si com l'arbres che per sobre carcar; Rex Navarre, Ire d'amor qui en mon cor repaire; Guido Guinizelli, Tegno de folle 'mpresa, a lor ver dire; Guido Cavalcantis, Poi che de doglia core conven ch'io porti; Cinus de Pistorio, Avegna che io aggia piu per tempo; Amicus eius, Amor che nella mente mi ragiona.
Hamericus de belimi nuls hom non pot complir addreciam Guido guinizelli.