Guido Guinizelli

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Guinizelli, Guido


Born between 1230 and 1240 in Bologna; died 1276 in Monselice. Italian poet. The father of dolce stil nuovo poetry.

In his doctrinaire canzone “Love Always Reigns in the Noble Heart,” Guinizelli glorified love as a feeling that ennobles the soul no less than the love of God. He maintained that nobility in man does not depend on his social origin. Such an exaltation of man makes Guinizelli a harbinger of the Renaissance and a direct forerunner of Dante, who called him his “father” in the art of love poetry. Guinizelli’s poetry also contains motifs of sensual passion (the sonnet “Lucia in the Colorful Cape”).


In T. Casini, Le rime del poeti bolognesi del secolo XIII. Bologna, 1881.


De Sanctis, F. Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury, vol. 1. Milan, 1963. (Translated from Italian.)
Russo, L. Storia della letteratura italiana, vol. 1. Florence [1957].


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Sangiovanni examines the textual presences of a series of poets, from Giacomo da Lentini, to Guittone d'Arezzo and his followers, to Guido Guinizzelli and Cino da Pistoia.
By associating the notion of nobility to love and its "gentle heart," poets like Guido Guinizzelli, Guido Cavalcanti, Dante and Cino da Pistoia investigated in the possibility that it could be applied to people whose aristocratic bona fides were debatable: political exiles, like Guido Guinizzelli and Cino da Pistoia; or people whose aristocratic background was challenged, like the young Dante; or completely non-noble merchants, like Guido Cavalcanti.
After a brief introduction, the first chapter is dedicated to the investigation of the patristic antecedents of the misogynistic attitude responsible for the efflorescence of the poetic cliche of female unattractiveness in the so-called comic-realistic poetry of Rustico Filippi and Guido Guinizzelli in the thirteenth century.
The fourth chapter (43-52) deals with the "dolce stil nuovo." After an introductory section on its philosophical and metaphysical conception, there are sections on Guido Guinizzelli, Guido Cavalcanti, Dante, and Cino da Pistoia.
A parlare altri non e che Guido Guinizzelli, appena chiamato dal pellegrino proprio "padre" poetico, usando un termine che lo stesso bolognese aveva a suo tempo impiegato in un sonetto rivolgendosi, probabilmente in modo ironico, proprio a Guittone (Purg.
"La tenzone tra Guido Guinizzelli e frate Guittone d'Arezzo".
The first, "Guittone e Dante," treats Dante's respective poetic relationships with Guido Guinizzelli, Guittone d'Arezzo, and Guido Cavalcanti.
There exists the tendency among scholarship to dehistoricize the verse of Guido Guinizzelli, Guido Cavalcanti, Dante and Cino.
Guido Guinizzelli, for instance, says of his mistress that "infra l'altre par lucente sole," and Guido Cavalcanti encounters a shepherdess who is "piu che la stella--bella," both echoing Wisdom 7:29, quoted above.