Guido Miglioli

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Miglioli, Guido


Born May 18, 1879, in Pozzaglio, Cremona; died Oct. 24,1954, in Milan. Italian political and trade union figure, priest.

Miglioli began his social activity in Cremona as an organizer of the Catholic peasant movement and of the first strikes of the peasant White Leagues of the Catholic trade unions. From 1913 to 1923 he was a parliamentary deputy. In 1919 he joined the Catholic Popular Party and headed its left wing. In 1922, in opposition to the line of his party, he appealed for an alliance with the Socialists in the struggle with fascism. In 1924–1925 he came out for trade union unity among all working people and for renunciation of anticommunist prejudices, which led to his expulsion from the party. After emigrating in 1926, he resided in France, Belgium, and Germany. A frequent visitor in the USSR, Miglioli participated in the work of the Peasant International (Krestintern). In 1933, in Paris, he became a member of the Committee Against War and Fascism. During World War II, he took part in the Resistance and was arrested in 1941 in France and in 1944 in Italy. After 1945, Miglioli headed the Christian Peace Movement. He helped to reestablish the peasant movement and, together with Ruggero Grieco, managed the weekly Nuova Terra.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.